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GRANT MUSTERING TROOPS IN MATTOON, ILLINOIS
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Memorial Elipse at Mattoon, Illinois' "Camp Grant"
Site, were many Illinois volunteers were mustered by
U.S. Grant at the very beginning of the Civil War
As an army recruiter: U.S. Grant mustered in a
volunteer Galena regiment and took it to the state
capital, Springfield. There he took charge of
mustering several more regiments and came to the
attention of the governor, Richard Yates.
In June 1861 Yates appointed Grant colonel of the
rebellious 21st Illinois volunteer regiment. Grant
soon taught the unruly men military discipline and
led them against pro-Confederate guerrillas in
Missouri. Because of his demonstrated leadership
ability, Grant was then made brigadier general in
command of the volunteers district at Cairo,
Grant fought his first battle, an indecisive action
against the Confederates at Belmont, Missouri, in
Three months later, aided by Commodore Andrew H.
Foote's gunboats, he captured Fort Donelson, on the
Cumberland River, and
Fort Henry, on the Tennessee River. These
were the first major Union victories of the war.
The Confederate commander,
Brigadier General Simon
an old friend of Grant's, yielded to Grant's hard
conditions of “no terms except unconditional and
Buckner's surrender of 14,000 men made Grant a
national figure almost overnight, and he was
nicknamed “Unconditional Surrender” Grant. This
victory also won him promotion to major general of
Samuel Broughton served with the 21st
Illinois Volunteer Infantry, Company I.
He was mustered in at Mattoon, Illinois with Colonel U. S. Grant.
U.S. Grant on his favorite horse
(Statue at Vicksburg Battle Site)
Illinois 21st Volunteers camped in Missouri, at the
start of the war.
Scene of the Railroad intersection in Mattoon, on
present-day Broadway Ave., where Grant would send off
his 21st Regiment Illinois volunteers
picture is part of a mural once in the National Bank in