Learning Lincoln On-line

FROM-- SET THREE, CIVIL WAR STUDIES

#13 of the "Lincoln in Coles County Virtual Field Trip"     Also Visit the Comprehensive Topic Twenty-seven:  General U.S. Grant Learning Activity

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ABOUT ULYSSES S. GRANT

GEN. GRANT'S LETTER TO PRES. LINCOLN U.S. GRANT AND THE CAVALRY LINCOLN'S ORDER TO GEN. GRANT/ YOUR ORDERS ORDER #1 ORDER #2 ORDER #3 ORDER #4 ORDER #5 ORDER #6 ORDER #7

COLONEL U.S. GRANT MUSTERING TROOPS IN MATTOON, ILLINOIS

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Memorial Elipse at Mattoon, Illinois' "Camp Grant" Site, were many Illinois volunteers were mustered by U.S. Grant at the very beginning of the Civil War

  • As an army recruiter:  U.S. Grant mustered in a volunteer Galena regiment and took it to the state capital, Springfield. There he took charge of mustering several more regiments and came to the attention of the governor, Richard Yates.

  •       In June 1861 Yates appointed Grant colonel of the rebellious 21st Illinois volunteer regiment. Grant soon taught the unruly men military discipline and led them against pro-Confederate guerrillas in Missouri. Because of his demonstrated leadership ability, Grant was then made brigadier general in command of the volunteers district at Cairo, Illinois

  • Grant fought his first battle, an indecisive action against the Confederates at Belmont, Missouri, in November 1861.

  • Three months later, aided by Commodore Andrew H. Foote's gunboats, he captured Fort Donelson, on the Cumberland River, and Fort Henry, on the Tennessee River. These were the first major Union victories of the war.

  • The Confederate commander, Brigadier General Simon B. Buckner, an old friend of Grant's, yielded to Grant's hard conditions of “no terms except unconditional and immediate surrender. Buckner's surrender of 14,000 men made Grant a national figure almost overnight, and he was nicknamed “Unconditional Surrender” Grant. This victory also won him promotion to major general of volunteers.

 

 

Samuel Broughton served with the 21st Illinois Volunteer Infantry, Company I.  He was mustered in at Mattoon, Illinois with

 Colonel U. S. Grant.

 

U.S. Grant on his favorite horse

(Statue at Vicksburg Battle Site)

Illinois 21st Volunteers camped in Missouri, at the start of the war.

 

Scene of the Railroad intersection in Mattoon, on present-day Broadway Ave., where Grant would send off his 21st Regiment Illinois volunteers

This picture is part of a mural once in the National Bank in Mattoon

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