Learning Lincoln On-line
FROM-- SET FIVE, CIVIL WAR STUDIES
Topic Sixty-four: The Navy and Ironclads in the Civil War
A Part of My Civil War Weapons & Warfare Activity Page
Click Here to Return or Visit Civil War Weapons Homepage
The turning point of the Civil War Naval War
PART ONE--INTRODUCTION AND CONTENT PAGE OF LINKS
Union Navy Jack
|Confederate States National Ensign||
Confederate Navy Jack
U.S. Civil War Naval Learning
Using the Ironclad Resource Pages Complete this Study
Pook Turtles, or City Class Ironclad Gunboats
Find Information at Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/City-class_ironclad
DIRECTIONS TO USE THE CIVIL
WAR NAVAL ACTIVITIES:
Dear Site User,
There are twelve theme activities in the Naval collection. These were chosen to allow opportunities to become educated in how the U.S. first modern Navy was organized, and how it was enlarged within four years to be the largest in the world. There will be parts on technologies and the human element. As the student of Civil War goes through these you will work within many online resources to find answers and conduct research. Presentation projects are encouraged such as computer presentations as well as traditional posters. If a history teacher is using any of these for class, the final product could be any form.
IRONCLAD LEARNING ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION
This activity will center on research and information gathering of facts from Internet sources, especially the Learning On-Line Resource Pages.
Answers can be presented in graphic or short-answer format. Civil War naval battles and officers will also be included in the questions.
The questions will be written in the form of "orders" from a naval commander to his sailors.
PART ONE: THE U.S. NAVY BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR
In order to understand the invention and use of ironclad naval vessels, the learner will study the sail ships, and condition of the U.S. Navy before the Civil War.
PART TWO: THE IRONCLAD GUNBOATS
In this study, the learner will answer a series of questions about the invention, building and use of the ironclad gunboat, called "Turtlebacks," during the American Civil War. The Ironclad Resources can be used to find the answers.
The questions will be written in the form of "orders" from a naval commander to the sailors.
PART THREE: "THE RACIAL MELTING POT:" THE U.S. NAVY DURING THE CIVIL WAR
The U.S. Navy even in its' early days did not have a problem with African-Americans serving on the ships. The Navy could be described as a "racial melting pot." In this Navy activity, there will be readings about famous blacks such as Robert Smalls and others. In addition, there will be description of what it was like to serve in the Navy.
PART FOUR: CIVIL WAR MILITARY "FIRSTS"
The Industrial Revolution was at full steam. The steam engine was being used in railroad engines and ships. New weapons were developed including the Spencer Repeater rifle, the first submarines, use of air balloons for surveillance, torpedoes and mines in water, the first hospital ships, new Dahlgren cannons, and the biggest one of all, the ironclad ships. Wooden ships were instantly made obsolete. In this Naval activity, you will read about the naval inventions and the inventors and builders.
PART FIVE: FOR SUMTER FALLS, A MAJOR WAR STARTS
After Fort Sumter was lost, President Lincoln and Congress were faced with the idea of a major war. At first many thought the insurrection would be short-lived, but the new Confederacy was raising a huge army. General Winfield Scott, head of the Army would come up with the Anaconda Plan to blockade all Southern/Confederate ports to dry up their imports and exports. A new fleet would be required, and all this led to a Blockade plan (not Scott's Anaconda Plan) was planned and set in-place. In this activity, you will read about the men and ships involved in the blockade from both sides.
PART SIX: INVINCIBLE BOATS AND CREWS WIN BATTLES
Their were many sea and inland river battles that the U.S. Navy was instrumental in helping to win. In some cases the invincible "Ironclad River Gun Boats" won the battle. Many sailors and officers won the Medal of Honor. In this activity, you will learn the names of several battles, the officers and crews of the ships, and the results.
PART SEVEN: GIDEON WELLES SEC. OF NAVY, U.S.
Abraham Lincoln appointed a Jacksonian Democrat to lead his Navy. The Navy was going to be instrumental in defending the country, and Lincoln saw that Gideon Welles would be the man for the job. In this activity you will read about the life of Gideon Welles and the relationship he would hold with President Lincoln. Gideon Welles pretty much set up the "modern" United States Navy. You will research the man and the politics he encountered when managing the Union Navy successfully.
PART EIGHT: THE BLOCKADE OF CONFEDERATE PORTS
General Scott had his Anaconda Plan. What finally happened was a huge blockade of our Atlantic and Gulf ports, and as time went along the winning back of the Mississippi River. This activity covers the men and ships involved in the Blockade. Read the proclamation from President Lincoln declaring the blockade. Read about General Winfield Scott's Anaconda Plan, and read about ships, blockade actions, and "prizes" won during the blockade. How did the Blockade effect the Confederate war effort and the Southern people? Present your gathered information in a computer program or in a poster.
PART NINE: REAR ADMIRAL JOHN DAHLGREN & HIS CANNONS
Both sides of the Civil War needed new armaments and cannons, that could better destroy the opposing side. Siege cannons, rifles, smoothbores, and mortars were needed for inland, ocean and river battles. John Dahlgren would invent his Dahlgren cannon. This part will cover the old style armament and John Dahlgren invention. You will see how the Dahlgren worked beautifully with the new ironclad gunboats.
The Industrial Revolution had come "full steam," by 1862. The Union Navy was composed of wooden ships of old. The Confederate states had no Navy. Research and prototypes of Ironclads were constructed in Europe. The Confederacy had taken Gosport Naval Yards and the USS Merrimack was sunk by the retreating Union Navy. The ship would be raised and reconstructed as an ironclad. Great fear was all over the north over this monster. President Lincoln and Secretary Welles set up an Ironclad Committee. Congress passed legislation to have an ironclad ship built. The rest is history, based upon a design and small model made by John Ericcson. Read the information provided on the pages and design your own presentation on the building of the Merrimack and the Monitor.
PART ELEVEN: SAILORS RECRUITMENT PLAN- NORTH AND SOUTH
At the start of the war President Lincoln asked for 75,000 volunteers. The Navy recruited and men had to pass a few standards. The Confederate Navy had similar standards. Read about the recruitment for both sides. African Americans could serve in both Navies, and did. The United States Navy did not discriminate and sailors got along, not thinking about racial things. You are to read the articles online and then answer questions or conduct research to gather facts. Presentations or posters would be good to report your results.
PART TWELVE: MEDICAL CARE OF SAILORS AND SOLDIERS/ THE NAVY HOSPITAL SHIPS
The Civil War was the first "modern war," and the medical care and hospital ships were started and enlarged quickly as the war started, throughout it. In this part, you will read about the medical corps, the nursing corps, the hospital ships (USS Red Rover, in particular). In addition, you will read about the conditions and dangers of being on an ironclad type ship.
Follow the links to get questions for each of the Parts:
RESOURCES ON GUNBOATS AND IRONCLADS
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