U.S. NAVY BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR: ORDERS FROM CAPTAIN JAMES
"Don't give up the
Tradition has it that Captain James
Lawrence said these heroic words after being mortally
wounded in the engagement between his ship, the U.S.S. frigate
Chesapeake, and HMS Shannon on 1 June 1813. As the wounded
Lawrence was carried below, he ordered "Tell the men to fire
faster! Don't give up the ship!"
Although the Chesapeake was forced to surrender,
Captain Lawrence's words lived on as a rallying cry during the
war. Oliver Hazard Perry honored his dead friend Lawrence when
he had the famous motto sewn onto the private battle flag. He
flew the flag during the Battle of Lake Erie, 10 September 1813.
A. . . To begin with, you should learn a little about the sail ship.
Use the Boston SQUARE RIGGING site.
Tactics of square rig ships
More details are at Wikipedia.
Make a poster drawing a square rigger, and label the parts.
B. . . For this part of our activity, you will look up quotes by a
variety of Naval Officers for the United States, for any period in the
Read from this listing of
great naval quotes
and write ten quotes with a short description of 1. why the quote was made,
2. when, 3.where and 4. by whom.
Learning On-Line site,
choose five American sail ships. Some could be combination steamer and sail. Make a data
sheet for each including: 1.Name of ship, 2. Type of ship, 3. Battles or
campaigns served in, 4. Commander or captain, 5.When the ship was built,
and 6. What happened to it after its’ service years ended.
D. . . When in our history did the U.S. Navy begin to downsize? What war was the navy
small, and fears arose in the country that our enemy could be attacked easily?
Visit the Public Broadcasting Online Site for
a description of why and when the Navy was shrunk down.
E. . . In 1861, the Civil War would start. 1. How many ships did the U.S.
Navy have in its' inventory?, and 2. What did the country have to do to get it's navy built
Use the Civil War Trust site to see
the quick evolution of battle ships of the Civil War, and 3. why the
Navy was in this condition. How did the Navy build up
F. . . President Lincoln and the
ironclad USS Montauk.
Read the article and Answer the Questions
about the article. What does this
article say about President Lincoln as Commander & Chief?
Did he keep up with the new and old technologies used by the
soldiers and sailors he commanded? What did he do with this
ironclad that made it special in history (his own personal
connection)? How did the Montauk serve President Lincoln in the
G. . .
Select and Read a
U.S. Navy Civil War Sesquicentennial Blog Site Series of Articles.
Write a summary of the highpoints of the blog--
Try the current blog about
"The War is Over, but not for the Navy"
G. . .
"Glorious Sail-Steam Ships before the Civil
War" for Information
You can record your
answers in a Navy Form each part of the
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