HISTORY OF OLD GLORY, STUDENT DIRECTIONS AND TASKS
What do the Stars Mean?
The flag has gained many new stars since the first one of 1777, with a total of 13. There were other flags before and during the Revolution, but the official "first" flag was the 1777 version. Each star would represent a state in the Union. This tradition continues until present day.
What do the Red and White Pales (stripes) Mean?
"The colors of the pales the vertical or horizontal stripes (depending how the flag is displayed) are those used in the flag of the United States of America; White signifies purity and innocence, Red, hardiness & valor, and Blue, the color of the Chief (the broad band above the stripes) signifies vigilance, perseverance & justice."
YOUR FIRST TASK:
1. Find the flag that was used when Abraham Lincoln was President (1861-65). How many stars did it have?
2. List the states in the U.S. at the time of Lincoln . Remember there was a Civil War ongoing, with some states seceding. President Lincoln never removed their stars. You will have to find out when each state became a state to determine which states were represented with a star on the Lincoln flag.
. . . Use
3. Print a State Regions map and set of questions from
Enchanted Learning States Maps Site.
Use this table borrowed from the U.S. Flags.org website to find out when each flag was introduced. (This website will provide links to all the state flags, plus all the historical U.S. flags)
YOUR FINAL TASK:
READ the story of Robert G. Heft, the high school student who won the contest to come up with a design for the current 50-star flag.
In honor of all the July 4th's of our history when a new star
or stars would be added to Old Glory, we would like for you to make
an announcement of a NEW STATE to be admitted to
On-Line Resources for the Old Glory Project