Learning Lincoln On-line

Topic Sets to Study Abraham Lincoln His Life and Before the Civil War

CONTENTS SET D:

Topic Fifty-five:  Lincoln and the Abolitionists Press Conference Drama & Topic One-hundred-eight:   Tanya Stone Abraham Lincoln Photographic Story of a Life-- Study Guide and Attachment Topics

 

STUDY GUIDE AND PROJECTS

 

FOR TANYA LEE STONE'S  ABRAHAM LINCOLN: A PHOTOGRAPHIC STORY OF A LIFE PLUS ABRAHAM LINCOLN'S TIMELINE, AUTOBIOGRAPHIES, AND SPECIAL ARTICLES

 

(To be used later in Chapter Analysis Work)

 Concerning his description of family history, birth up to when Lincoln was a young adult, and away from his family


 

 

TANYA LEE STONE’S BIOGRAPHY OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN

ABRAHAM LINCOLN'S AUTOBIOGRAPHIES

Abraham Lincoln, A Photographic Story from DK Biography: Abraham Lincoln Paperback – January 3, 2005  

Tanya Lee Stone (Author)

(To be used later in Chapter Analysis Work)

Concerning his description of family history, birth up to when he was a young adult, and away from his

family

June 1858

Abraham Lincoln wrote three autobiographies in a two-year period. This first autobiography effort was

prepared at the request of Charles Lanman, who was compiling the Dictionary of Congress.

• Born, February 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky. Education was defective.

• Profession, a lawyer.

• Past Experiences: Captain of volunteers in Black Hawk war.

• Postmaster at a very small office.

• Four times a member of the Illinois legislature, and was a member of the lower house of Congress.

December 20, 1859

Lincoln wrote this second autobiography for Jesse Fell, a long-time Illinois Republican friend who was

a native of Pennsylvania. Fell used his influence to get the piece incorporated in an article appearing

in a Pennsylvania newspaper on February 11, 1860. Lincoln enclosed the autobiography in a letter to

Fell which said, "There is not much of it, for the reason, I suppose, that there is not much of me."

1) I was born Feb. 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky. My parents were both born in Virginia, of

undistinguished families-- second families, perhaps I should say. My mother, who died in my tenth

year, was of a family of the name of Hanks, some of whom now reside in Adams, and others in Macon

Counties, Illinois. My paternal grandfather, Abraham Lincoln, emigrated from Rockingham County,

Virginia, to Kentucky, about 1781 or 2, where, a year or two later, he was killed by Indians, not in

battle, but by stealth, when he was laboring to open a farm in the forest. His ancestors, who were

Quakers, went to Virginia from Berks County, Pennsylvania. An effort to identify them with the New-

England family of the same name ended in nothing more definite, than a similarity of Christian names

in both families, such as Enoch, Levi, Mordecai, Solomon, Abraham, and the like.

2) My father, at the death of his father, was but six years of age; and he grew up, litterally [sic]

without education. He removed from Kentucky to what is now Spencer County, Indiana, in my eighth

year. We reached our new home about the time the State came into the Union. It was a

wild region, with many bears and other wild animals, still in the woods. There I grew up. There were

some schools, so called; but no qualification was ever required of a teacher beyond "readin, writin,

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and cipherin" to the Rule of Three. If a straggler supposed to understand Latin happened to sojourn in

the neighborhood, he was looked upon as a wizzard [sic]. There was absolutely nothing to excite

ambition for education. Of course when I came of age I did not know much. Still somehow, I could

read, write, and cipher to the Rule of Three; but that was all. I have not been to school since. The little

advance I now have upon this store of education, I have picked up from time to time under the

pressure of necessity.

3) I was raised to farm work, which I continued till I was twenty-two. At twenty one I came to Illinois,

and passed the first year in Macon County. Then I got to New-Salem (at that time in Sangamon, now in

Menard County), where I remained a year as a sort of Clerk in a store. Then came the Black-Hawk

war; and I was elected a Captain of Volunteers-a success which gave me more pleasure than any I

have had since. I went the campaign, was elated, ran for the Legislature the same year (1832) and

was beaten-the only time I ever have been beaten by the people. The next, and three succeeding

biennial elections, I was elected to the Legislature. I was not a candidate afterwards. During this

Legislative period I had studied law, and removed to Springfield to practise it. In 1846 I was once

elected to the lower House of Congress. Was not a candidate for re-election. From 1849 to 1854, both

inclusive, practiced law more assiduously than ever before. Always a Whig in politics, and generally on

the Whig electoral tickets, making active canvasses-l was losing interest in politics, when the repeal of

the Missouri Compromise aroused me again. What I have done since then is pretty well known.

4) If any personal description of me is thought desirable, it may be said, I am, in height, six feet, four

inches, nearly; lean in flesh, weighing on an average one hundred and eighty pounds; dark

complexion, with coarse black hair, and grey eyes-no other marks or brands recollected.

June 1860

When Lincoln first ran for President, John L Scripps of the Chicago Press and Tribune asked him for

an autobiography to write a campaign biography about him. This third-person account is the result.

The longest of his autobiographies, it offers fascinating information about his early years.

5) Abraham Lincoln was born February 12, 1809, then in Hardin, now in the more recently formed

county of La Rue, Kentucky. His father, Thomas, and grandfather, Abraham, were born in Rockingham

County, Virginia, whither their ancestors had come from Berks County, Pennsylvania. His lineage has

been traced no father back than this. The family were originally Quakers, though in later times they

have fallen away from the peculiar habits of that people. The

grandfather, Abraham, had four brothers-Isaac, Jacob, John, and Thomas. So far as known, the

descendants of Jacob and John are still in Virginia. Isaac went to a place near where Virginia, North

Carolina, and Tennessee join; and his descendants are in that region. Thomas came to Kentucky, and

after many years died there, whence his descendants went to Missouri. Abraham, grandfather of the

subject of this sketch, came to Kentucky, and was killed by Indians about the year 1784. He left a

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widow, three sons, and two daughters.

6) The eldest son, Mordecai, remained in Kentucky till late in life, when he removed to Hancock

County, Illinois, where soon after he died, and where several of his descendants still remain. The

second son, Josiah, removed at an early day to a place on Blue River, now within Hancock County,

Indiana, but no recent information of him or his family has been obtained. The eldest sister, Mary,

married Ralph Grume, and some of her descendants are now known to be in Breckenridge County,

Kentucky. The second sister, Nancy, married William Brumfield, and her family are not known to have

left Kentucky, but there is no recent information from them. Thomas, the youngest son, and the father

of the present subject, by the early death of his father, and very narrow circumstances of his mother,

even in childhood was a wandering laboring-boy, and grew up literally without education. He never did

more in the way of writing than to bunglingly write his own name. Before he was grown he passed one

year as a hired hand with his uncle Isaac on Watauga, a branch of the Holston River. Getting back into

Kentucky, and having reached his twenty-eighth year, he married Nancy Hanks-mother of the present

subject-in the year 1806. She also was born in Virginia; and relatives of hers of the name of Hanks,

and of other names, now reside in Coles, in Macon, and in Adams counties, Illinois, and also in Iowa.

The present subject has no brother or sister of the whole or half blood. He had a sister, older than

himself, who was grown and married, but died many years ago, leaving no child; also a brother,

younger than himself, who died in infancy. Before leaving Kentucky, he and his sister were sent, for

short periods, to A B C schools, the first kept by Zachariah Riney, and the second by Caleb Hazel.

7) At this time his father resided on Knob Creek, on the road from Bardstown, Kentucky, to Nashville,

Tennessee, at a point three or three and a half miles south or southwest of Atherton's Ferry, on the

Rolling Fork. From this place he removed to what is now Spencer County, Indiana, in the autumn of

1816, Abraham then being in his eighth year. This removal was partly on account of slavery, but chiefly

on account of the difficulty in land titles in Kentucky. He settled in an unbroken forest, and the clearing

away of surplus wood was the great task ahead. Abraham, though very young, was large of his age,

and had an ax put into his hands at once; and from that till within his twenty-third year he was almost

constantly handling that most useful instrument-less, of course, in plowing and harvesting seasons. At

this place Abraham took an early start as a hunter, which was never much improved afterward. A few

days before the completion of his eighth year, in the absence of his father, a flock of wild turkeys

approached the new log cabin,

and Abraham with a rifle-gun, standing inside, shot through a crack and killed one of them. He has

never since pulled a trigger on any larger game.

8) In the autumn of 1818 his mother died; and a year afterward his father married Mrs. Sally

Johnston, at Elizabethtown, Kentucky, a widow with three children of her first marriage. She proved a

good and kind mother to Abraham, and is still living in Coles County, Illinois. There were no children of

this second marriage. His father's residence continued at the same place in Indiana till 1830. While

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here Abraham went to A B C schools by littles, kept successively by Andrew Crawford,-Sweeney, and

Azel W. Dorsey. He does not remember any other. The family of Mr. Dorsey now resides in Schuyler

County, Illinois. Abraham now thinks that the aggregate of all his schooling did not amount to one year.

He was never in a college or academy as a student, and never inside of a college or academy building

till since he had a law license. What he has in the way of education he has picked up.

9) After he was twenty-three and had separated from his father, he studied English grammar imperfectly,

of course, but so as to speak and write as well as he now does. He studied and nearly

mastered the six books of Euclid since he was a member of Congress. He regrets his want of

education, and does what he can to supply the want. In his tenth year he was kicked by a horse, and

apparently killed for a time. When he was nineteen, still residing in Indiana, he made his first trip upon a

flatboat to New Orleans. He was a hired hand merely, and he and a son of the owner, without other

assistance, made the trip. The nature of part of the "cargo-load," as it was called, made it necessary

for them to linger and trade along the sugar-coast; and one night they were attacked by seven

negroes with intent to kill and rob them. They were hurt some in the melee, but succeeded in driving

the negroes from the boat, and then "cut cable," "weighed anchor," and left.

For use with Chapter Four Lincoln Analyzing questions

THE INTRODUCTION ANALYSIS QUESTIONS

Answer these comprehension questions about the book and special article. Use Tanya Stone's Abraham

Lincoln, pp 1-7 (the book introduction), to get all points give complete and clear answers.

1. What is the theme of the introduction?

2. What promise does the author of this book make in the "Note to My Readers?"

3. What is the importance of the Introduction's first two-word sentence?

4. How many tombs did President Lincoln rest in at Springfield?

5. What was the biggest fear concerning Lincoln's body?

6. Describe the final resting place of the President and his family. Provide a list of

details.

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7. Describe the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. Why do you think that Lincoln is depicted “bigger

than life?”

8. There is a listing of "Lincoln's beliefs and his personality" List them here:

The Lincoln family timeline

1842

Lincoln and Mary begin courting in secret.

November 4 - Reverend Charles Dresser marries Lincoln and Mary in the home of Ninian and

Elizabeth Edwards (Mary's sister). Lincoln was 33 years old; Mary was 23.

November 5 - The Lincolns rent a single room on the second floor of the Globe Tavern rooming house.

The Globe Tavern was located on Adams Street between Third and Fourth Streets.

1843

August 1 - Robert Todd Lincoln, their first son, was born at the Globe Tavern rooming

house.

The Lincoln family (Abraham, Mary, and Robert) briefly rented a small cottage on 4th Street, between

Adams and Monroe Streets.

1844

January 16 - Lincoln purchased his first and only home from the Reverrend Charles

Dresser for $1,500, $1,200 cash plus a lot valued at $300.

May 1 - The Lincoln family (Abraham, Mary, and Robert) moved into the home on

8th and Jackson Streets.

Lincoln sets up his own law practice with William H. Herndon as his junior lawpartner.

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1846

March 10 - Edward Baker Lincoln was born at the Lincoln Home.

August 3 - Abraham Lincoln was elected to a seat in the United States House of Representatives, as part of

the Thirtieth Congress, as a candidate of theWhig Party. This was the only United States Congressional seat

he ever held.

The first remodeling of the Lincoln Home occurred. The Lincolns added a bedroom and a pantry to the

back of the home.

1847

Lincoln, Mary, Robert, and Eddie moved to Washington, D.C.

December 6 - Lincoln takes his seat in the United States House of Representatives.

1848

Mary and the boys depart Washington, D.C., in part, because Lincoln thought Mary "hindered me some in

attending to business. "A few months later, Lincoln wrote that "having nothing but business - no variety"

made life "exceedingly tasteless."

1849

Lincoln proposes legislation in the United States House of Representatives to begin

abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia.

The second remodeling of the Lincoln Home occurred during the years of 1849 and 1850.

At this time, stoves were installed in the parlor rooms, the brick retaining wall in front of the home was

constructed, and the front walk was bricked over, replacing the wooden sidewalk.

1850

February 1 - Edward Baker Lincoln died at the Lincoln Home after fighting an illness (probably

tuberculosis) for 52 days. He was 3 years and 10months in age.

December 21 –William Wallace Lincoln was born at the Lincoln Home.

1852

Mary becomes a member of the Presbyterian Church.

April 4 - Thomas (Tad) Lincoln was born at the Lincoln Home.

The Lincoln Home was remodeled once again in 1853. It appears that the barn was added at this time.

1854

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CHAPTER-BY-CHAPTER ANALYSIS QUESTIONS

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 1 ANALYSIS QUESTIONS

1. Consider the title of this chapter: A Complex Boy, and before reading state what you think the author is

going to describe in this chapter. Provide 3 or more concepts or details you think will be covered.

2. Describe how conditions would have been in the small cabin where Abraham Lincoln was born. How do

you think people in modern-day America would do in the harsh environment where the Lincoln's lived?

3. Why do you think Thomas Lincoln ended up living in the wilderness? In the second paragraph (p.9)

something happened to little Abe and his father. Do you think this was something very discouraging to

them?

3. Using a dictionary, look up sustenance. Using the best definition relating to living in the wilderness,

write a description of how Thomas Lincoln and his family relates to this word.

4. The information box on p. 10 tells of what pioneers in the wilderness often thought of slavery. Look up

the word "abolitionist" in a dictionary and provide a good definition.

5. Why do you think that many of these pioneer people, like the Lincoln's, became ABOLITIONISTS?

List the concerns they had.

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6. P.13, describes an event in Abe's life in which he shot a turkey. After reading this section describing his

soft heart about "killing" animals, describe how this same person could direct a big war in which hundreds

of thousands of soldiers would die. How could Lincoln direct men in the war, if he could not ever kill a

turkey or animal again? This will be your opinion.

7. In reading the last paragraphs of this chapter, after p. 11. list what you think are the theme and/or main

idea of each paragraph to the end of the chapter

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 2 ANALYSIS QUESTIONS

1. The story of Abraham Lincoln's early life continues. What do you think the chapter title: Ordinary and

Extraordinary announces to the reader? What will be described in chapter two?

2. At age 19, Abraham left the family home and made a journey by flatboat. Describe this trip: who, when,

where, how, as well as what happened on that trip. Organize you answer with the clue-words in a sort of

outline format. Describe any special exciting or eye-opening events on that journey.

3. In 1830, Lincoln had turned 21 years of age. What do you think this age represented to young men in

that time period?

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 3 ANALYSIS QUESTIONS

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1. Using the chapter title: "Birth of a Politician," describe in your own words what this means. How can a

politician be "born?" What do you think you will find out in this chapter?

2. In reading p.26, what were the two main political parties in Illinois? What elections did Lincoln wins in

1834 and 1837? What new profession did Lincoln study for during this time? At the bottom of p.27

Lincoln is described as self-taught. What does this mean?

2. The issue of slavery was becoming serious. Southern states' governors were pushing Illinois and other

northern state governors to try to squelch the ABOLITIONISTS. What does squelch mean? What is an

abolitionist? Before considering the meaning of the word Abolitionists, break it into parts: prefix/ root/ and

suffix. Make a diagram showing the three parts of abolitionists. Do the same for the words: primarily,

proslavery, political, explosive, and uprisings. Look for and find three more words in Chap. 3 that have

similar word parts, and diagram them also. The 4th column is for your definition of the word.

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 4 ANALYSIS SHEET with a Lincoln Family

Description essay

1. Up until the night of November 4, 1842, Abraham Lincoln was a "good old boy" of sorts. He lived in the

wilderness, and in New Salem, which was only slightly improved over the wilderness. The title of this

chapter "Meeting Mary" is the theme. What do you already know about the marriage of Abe and Mary?

List some pre-knowledge things you already know?

2. Find the information in the chapter about Lincoln's depression. Paraphrase in a

paragraph what the information states.

3. How did the Lincoln home change (physically)?

4. Make a list of all the members of the Lincoln family that would come into the world later. Read the

timeline of the Lincoln family to gather your information. Using the timeline, make another one that is

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horizontal or vertical with just the most important information and years, and illustrate it with small

graphics.

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 5 ANALYSIS QUESTIONS

1. "Family and Politics" is the title of this chapter. Chronologically, what period of life and history do you

think this chapter covers?

2. p. 39, quotes Lincoln's philosophy concerning the practice of law. Paraphrase his philosophy in a

paragraph.

3. What political party did Lincoln belong to when he ran for U.S. Representative in 1845?

What was the name of the other party that ran against Lincoln?

4. What war was ongoing in the 1840's that Rep. Lincoln would give a speech of nonsupport?

What war would go on during Lincoln's future Presidency that many were

non-supportive?

5. In 1850, something terrible happened to the Lincoln family. Describe the event.

How do you think Abraham and Mary felt? Dscribe their feelings.

6. Read the full version of Lincoln's visit back to Indiana. Lincoln was a poet, but has

always been credited more for being a great President. After reading the poem, give some of

your feelings about his visit. Write a paragraph.

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FIRST ESSAY ASSIGNMENT---LINCOLN'S HAT WRITING ASSIGNMENT

When finished reading chapters 1-5, write a two-page (or more) paper about the connection of Lincoln's

stove-pipe hat to his life; how he used it; and the feelings you have about the hat depicted inside the cover

of Stone's book. This is the hat that the President wore to Ford Theater. In this paper also include

descriptions of Lincoln's many careers, how he failed many times before finally succeeding beyond

anyone's dreams, and how he was as a family man. You can also describe the Lincoln family in this paper.

Be sure to have an opening paragraph and a closing paragraph. All paragraphs in between should provide

the many topics and details. Just remember to relate to the tall hat while writing this paper. This paper may

be submitted via email if you would like. You will need to save in WORD, and then attach the document

into a Blackboard email, and send to me.

A deadline date for this paper will be announced later.

 

LINCOLN BOOK, ESSAY #1

Article #1—with Introduction pp. 6-7

LINCOLN'S HAT AND THE SMITHSONIAN MUSEUM

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By Alison Harding

CNN

WASHINGTON (CNN) - One can only imagine the sights this hat has seen. Perched atop a man who

towered over his peers at 6 foot 4 inches, this hat must have had quite a view.

"Abraham Lincoln: An Extraordinary Life" will be on display through January 2011.

It may have been there when a divided nation - a devastating Civil War on the horizon - elected a politician

from Illinois as president. It could have watched as this president, so desperate to preserve the Union,

carefully drafted the Emancipation Proclamation, thus changing the course of American history. And we

know for sure that this stovepipe hat was witness to a tragic April night when the same president was

fatally shot while enjoying a play.

The iconic top hat, part of a collection of items associated with Abraham Lincoln, is now on

display at the National Museum of American History. Nearly three years in the making, "Abraham Lincoln:

An Extraordinary Life" is part of the Smithsonian Institution's bicentennial celebration of Abraham

Lincoln's birth and a rare glimpse into the life of one of our nation's greatest presidents.

Nearly two centuries later, still adorned with a black band of mourning for a son who died too early,

Lincoln's hat is worn-down, yet strangely magnificent. Maybe it is the hat's history that gives it such a

majestic quality. Or perhaps it is simply that a top hat always commands a certain reverence — an attribute

that may reveal a great deal about the vanity of its owner.

"Why would somebody who is 6 foot 4 inches decide to wear a tall hat?" asks Harry Rubenstein,

curator of the exhibit. "He clearly has this desire to stand out in the crowd, to make his place in it."

Don't Miss

Rubenstein hopes this is the type of intimate detail about our 16th president's life that people will

take away from the ongoing Lincoln exhibit.

"This is the first time we've brought together all of the museum's best Lincoln objects to tell the

story of Lincoln's life," Rubenstein says. "And I think it's a different kind of story that emerges - one that's

more intimate and more personal and one that brings this story to life in very tangible ways."

The Smithsonian Institution started its Lincoln collection more than 140 years ago, Rubenstein

says.

The exhibit, which opened in January, houses more than 60 items from Abraham Lincoln's life,

spanning Abraham Lincoln’s humble beginnings, his political career, his life in the White House, and even

relics recovered in the wake of his assassination.

Rubenstein says the collection includes "little personal objects of things he touched and used at

pivotal moments in his life," like his office suit, his gold pocket watch - and a coffee cup he left on a

windowsill the night of his assassination.

The exhibit is also home to more significant objects, such as the inkstand Lincoln used to draft the

Emancipation Proclamation and a patent model of a device he invented for lifting boats over sand bars.

Also on display is memorabilia from the 1860 presidential election campaign — such as a replica poster

portraying a young and masculine Lincoln splitting rail - that reveal a candidate not impervious to the

somewhat superficial aspects of the American political system. Rubenstein says that although Lincoln

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scoffed at his party's attempts to brand him as "Old Abe the Rail Splitter," he understood the importance

of appealing to the masses and creating an image to "link him and his ideals in an iconic kind of way."

Perhaps no one is more aware of the power of Lincoln's iconic image than President Barack

Obama, who frequently cited his Illinois predecessor as a source of inspiration for his own presidency.

While Rubenstein warns against drawing too much of a comparison between presidents - the two

Illinoisans have been linked by their reformist platforms, their penchant for eloquent speeches, and even for

their physical likenesses — he acknowledges the significance of the symbolic timing: As the first African-

American becomes president, the nation celebrates the 200th birthday of the man who ended slavery.

"We have a president from Illinois — the land of Lincoln -- who has found inspiration in the Lincoln

story.... It's clearly an historic moment," Rubenstein says.

Nonetheless, as the nation celebrates Obama's momentous election, "An Extraordinary Life" is a

reminder of the relevance of Lincoln's legacy today and commemorates the incredible life that he led.

"It is amazing ...here is this individual from a family in the middle of the woods in Kentucky ... [struggling]

to educate himself," Rubenstein says. "To then take on this incredible responsibility, [and] beyond that, his

ability to articulate those ideas to inspire not only his generation, but for us today ... it's an extraordinary

odyssey that he took."

 

LINCOLN POEM ANALYSIS SHEET:

CHECK THE CHAPTER FIVE LINCOLN'S HOME AND POEM PAGE

Download a copy of the article analyzing sheet. Do as the sheet tells you to do.

To be used with Chapter Five, Abraham Lincoln's Poem when he returned home to

Indiana before becoming President

My Childhood Home I See Again by Abraham Lincoln

[I]

My childhood's home I see again, And

sadden with the view; And still, as

memory crowds my brain, There's

pleasure in it too.

O Memory! thou midway world

Twixt earth and paradise,

Where things decayed and loved ones lost

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In dreamy shadows rise,

And, freed from all that's earthly vile,

Seem hallowed, pure, and bright, --'

Like scenes in some enchanted isle

All bathed in liquid light.

As dusky mountains please the eye

When twilight chases day; As bugle tones

that, passing by, In distance die

away;

As leaving some grand waterfall,

We, lingering, list its roar-So

memory will hallow all We've

known, but know no more.

Near twenty years have passed away Since

here I bid farewell To woods and fields, and

scenes of play, And playmates loved so well.

Where many were, but few remain I

Of old familiar things;

But seeing them, to mind again

The lost and absent brings.

The friends I left that parting day,

How changed, as time has sped!

Young childhood grown, strong manhood gray,

And half of all are dead.

I hear the loved survivors tell How nought

from death could save, Till every sound

appears a knell, And every spot a grave.

I range the fields with pensive tread, And

pace the hollow rooms, And feel

(companion of the dead) I'm living in the

tombs.

[II]

But here’s an object more of dread

Than ought the grave contains__

human form with reason fled, While

wretched life remains.

Poor Matthew! Once of genius bright, A

fortune-favored child-Now locked for aye,

in mental night, A haggard mad-man wild.

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Poor Matthew! I have ne'er forgot, When

first, with maddened will, Yourself you

maimed, your father fought, And mother

strove to kill;

When terror spread, and neighbors ran,

Your dange'rous strength to bind; And

soon, a howling crazy man Your limbs

were fast confined.

How then you strove and shrieked aloud,

Your bones and sinews bared; And

fiendish on the gazing crowd, With burning

eye-balls glared—

And begged, and swore, and wept and prayed

With maniac laught[ter?] joined-How fearful

were those signs displayed By pangs that killed

thy mind!

And when at length, tho' drear and long,

Time smoothed thy fiercer woes, How

plaintively thy mournful song Upon the still

night rose.

I've heard it oft, as if I dreamed, Far

distant, sweet, and lone-The funeral

dirge, it ever seemed Of reason dead

and gone.

To drink it's strains, I've stole away,

All stealthily and still, Ere yet the

rising God of day Had streaked the

Eastern hill.

Air held his breath; trees, with the spell,

Seemed sorrowing angels round, Whose

swelling tears in dew-drops fell Upon the

listening ground.

But this is past; and nought remains, That

raised thee o'er the brute. Thy piercing shrieks,

and soothing strains, Are like, forever mute.

Now fare thee well—more thou the cause,

Than subject now of woe. All mental

pangs, by time's kind laws, Hast lost the

power to know.

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O death! Thou awe-inspiring prince, That

keepst the world in fear; Why dost thos tear

more blest ones hence, And leave him

ling'ring here?

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 6 ANALYSIS QUESTIONS (with attached reading

story& Speech)

1. Abraham Lincoln enters into the world of politics and slavery. The title of the

chapter is "Between Right and Wrong." Why do you think that Author Stone

used this title for this chapter?

2. After reading about the difference between the economics and industrialization of the

North vs. the South, make a comparison/contrast chart with two columns listing their

similarities and differences.

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3. What does the concept "sovereign state" mean as related to the South?

4. Read the excerpt from Harriet Beecher Stowe's book "Uncle Tom's Cabin." After

reading this, write a paragraph describing what you think about slavery that was in

the South in the 1850's.

5. At our own Springfield in the old State Capitol, Lincoln gave his most important

speech in expressing what he thought about slavery. Read the speech, and then write

what you think about his "House Divided" statement.

Chapter Six, an excerpt from Lincoln's "House Divided Speech" from Springfield,

June 16, 1858

Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Convention. If we could first know where we are, and whither we are

tending, we could then better judge what to do, and how to do it.

We are now far into the fifth year, since a policy was initiated, with the avowed object,

and confident promise, of putting an end to slavery agitation. Under the operation of that policy, that

agitation has not only, not ceased, but has

constantly augmented. In my opinion, it will not cease, until a crisis shall have been reached, and

passed.

"A house divided against itself cannot stand." I believe this government cannot endure, permanently half

slave and half free.

I do not expect the Union to be dissolved - I do not expect the house to fall - but I do

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expect it will cease to be divided.

It will become all one thing or all the other.

To be used with the Chap. Six, Stone Book Analysis Activity

Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom’s Cabin (An Excerpt) p. 104-105

CHAPTER VII

The Mother's Struggle

It is impossible to conceive of a human creature more wholly desolate and forlorn than

Eliza, when she turned her footsteps from Uncle Tom's cabin.

Her husband's suffering and dangers, and the danger of her child, all blended in her mind,

with a confused and stunning sense of the risk she was running, in leaving the only home she

had ever known, and cutting loose from the protection of a friend whom she loved and

revered. Then there was the parting from every familiar object,—the place where she had

grown up, the trees under which she had played, the groves where she had walked many an

evening in happier days, by the side of her young husband,—everything, as it lay in the clear,

frosty starlight, seemed to speak reproachfully to her, and ask her whither could she go from a

home like that?

But stronger than all was maternal love, wrought into a paroxysm of frenzy by the near

approach of a fearful danger. Her boy was old enough to have walked by her side, and, in an

in different case, she would only have led him by the hand; but now the bare thought of

putting him out of her arms made her shudder, and she strained him to her bosom with a

convulsive grasp, as she went rapidly forward.

The frosty ground creaked beneath her feet, and she trembled at the sound; every

quaking leaf and fluttering

-105-

Shadow sent the blood backward to her heart, and quickened her footsteps. She wondered

within herself at the strength that seemed to be come upon her; for she felt the weight of her

boy as if it had been a feather, and every flutter of fear seemed to increase the supernatural

power that bore her on, while from her pale lips burst forth, in frequent ejaculations, the

prayer to a Friend above—"Lord, help! Lord, save me!"

If it were your Harry, mother, or your Willie, that were going to be torn from you by a

brutal trader, tomorrow morning,—if you had seen the man, and heard that the papers were

signed and delivered, and you had only from twelve o'clock till morning to make good your

escape,—how fast could you walk? How many miles could you make in those few brief

hours, with the darling at your bosom, -- the little sleepy head on your shoulder,—the small,

soft arms trustingly holding on to your neck?

19

For the child slept. At first, the novelty and alarm kept him waking; but his mother so

hurriedly repressed every breath or sound, and so assured him that if he were only still die

would certainly save him, that he clung quietly round her neck, only asking, as he found

himself sinking to sleep,

"Mother, I don't need to keep awake, do I?"

"No, my darling; sleep, if you want to."

"But, mother, if I do get asleep, you won't let him get me?"

"No! so may God help me!" said his mother, with a paler cheek, and a brighter light in her

large dark eyes.

"You're sure, ain't you, mother?"

"Yes, surer said the mother, in a voice that startled herself; for it seemed to her to come

From a spirit within, that was no part of her; and the boy dropped his little weary head on her

shoulder, and was soon asleep. How the touch of those warm arms, the gentle breathings that

came in her neck, seemed to add fire and spirit to her movements! It seemed to her as if

strength

To read the whole book on-line, visit: http://ctcxt.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modcng/public/StoCabi.html

(from the University of Virginia Library)

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 7 ANALYSIS QUESTIONS

The Lincoln family's life is about to change in a major way. The chapter title is "Preparing for

Washington."

Read the official White House biography of America's first "First Lady, "Mrs.

Mary Todd Lincoln. After reading it, follow directions to make a vocabulary chart from

underlined words. Here is the article:

Mary Todd Lincoln

(from http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/first-ladies/marylincoln)

As a girlhood companion remembered her, Mary Todd was vivacious and impulsive, with an

interesting personality—but "she now and then could not restrain a witty, sarcastic speech that cut deeper

than she intended...." A young lawyer summed her up in 1840: "the very creature of excitement." All of

these attributes marked her life, bringing her both happiness and tragedy.

20

Daughter of Eliza Parker and Robert Smith Todd, pioneer settlers of Kentucky, Mary lost her mother

before the age of seven. Her father remarried; and Mary remembered her childhood as "desolate" although

she belonged to the aristocracy of Lexington, with high-spirited social life and a sound private education.

Just 5 feet 2 inches at maturity, Mary had clear blue eyes, long lashes, light-brown hair with glints of

bronze, and a lovely complexion. She danced gracefully, she loved finery, and her crisp intelligence

polished the wiles of a Southern coquette.

Nearly 21, she went to Springfield, Illinois, to live with her sister Mrs. Ninian Edwards. Here she

met Abraham Lincoln in his own words, "a poor nobody then." Three years later, after a stormy courtship

and broken engagement, they were married. Though opposites in background and temperament, they were

united by an enduring love-by Mary's confidence in her husband's ability and his gentle consideration of

her excitable ways.

Their years in Springfield brought hard work, a family of boys, and reduced circumstances to the

pleasure-loving girl who had never felt responsibility before. Lincoln's single term in Congress, for 1847-

1849, gave Mary and the boys a winter in Washington, but scant opportunity for social life. Finally her

unwavering faith in her husband won ample justification with his election as President in 1860. Though her

position fulfilled her high social ambitions, Mrs. Lincoln's years in the White House mingled misery with

triumph. An orgy of spending stirred resentful comment. While the Civil War dragged on, Southerners

scorned her as a traitor to her birth, and citizens loyal to the Union suspected

her of treason. When she entertained, critics accused her of unpatriotic extravagance. When, utterly

distraught, she curtailed her entertaining after her son Willie’s death in 1862, they accused her of shirking

her social duties.

Yet Lincoln, watching her put her guests at ease during a White House reception, could say

happily: "My wife is as handsome as when she was a girl, and I...fell in love with her; and what is more, I

have never fallen out." Her husband's assassination in 1865 shattered Mary Todd Lincoln. The next 17

years held nothing but sorrow. With her son "Tad" she traveled abroad in search of health, tortured by

distorted ideas of her financial situation. After Tad died in 1871, she slipped into a world of illusion where

poverty and murder pursued her. A misunderstood and tragic figure, she passed away in 1882 at her sister's

home in Springfield-the same house from which she had walked as the bride of Abraham

Lincoln, 40 years before.

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 8 ANALYSIS QUESTIONS

1. This chapter begins with a picture of the U.S. Capitol (in construction) and a very exciting title: "Begins

with a Bang!" If the title says enough, what is the theme you are going to

read about?

2. This chapter discusses the beginning of the Civil War, but also discusses a terrible event in

the Lincoln family. Summarize that event in your own words.

21

3. pp. 65-66, In Lincoln's first Inaugural Address he states his feelings about Southern States seceding from

the Union, and the imminent war. Make a "highlights" list of the main points

brought out in that speech.

4. What happened on April 12, 1861? How did relate to the chapter title?

LINCOLNBOOK, CHAP. 9 ANALYSIS SHEET

1. A possible new word is used as the title of this chapter: "Emancipation." Look up the word in a

dictionary and complete a word-map chart for the word. This will be a detailed analysis of the word. A

blank map is provided with this chapter.

2. Along with this chapter, read "Abraham Lincoln's view of equality for African Americans," from his

Charleston (IL) Debate with Stephen Douglas, 1858. Make a comparison/contrast chart to describe the

changes Lincoln made from1858 to 1862 concerning African-Americans.

3. This chapter includes photos and special information boxes for people and events.

Make a list of the boxes by topic and what each box has to say. You need to do short

paraphrases of each.

LINCOLNBOOK, CHAP. 10 ANALYSIS QUESTIONS

1. The title of this chapter is "Lincoln's War." How do you think this chapter will

prove or demonstrate that the great Civil Was could be considered Lincoln's war?

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2. Great victories, great generals (on both sides of the war) are described in this chapter,

but the biggest thing in the chapter is the 272 word, ten-sentence speech given at

Gettysburg. MEMORIZE THIS SPEECH AND BE PREPARED TO PRESENT IT

TO THE CLASS BEFORE MIDTERM. A copy is provided in this guide.

3. Civil rights and equality for African-American soldiers were furthered greatly, as described in this

chapter. What did the chapter description of blacks performance in battle say? What black leader worked

with President Lincoln to make things better for the black soldiers? How did things improve?

Lincoln's comments at Charleston, IL in his debate with Stephen Douglas

Subject: equality and treatment of African-Americans whether slave or free

“I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the

white and black races, that I am not nor ever have been in favor of making voters or jurors of negroes, nor

of qualifying them to hold office, nor to intermarry with white people; and I will say in addition to this that

there is a physical difference between the white and black races which I believe will forever forbid the

two races living together on terms of social and political equality. And inasmuch as they cannot so live,

while they do remain together there must be the position of superior and inferior, and I as much as any

other man amin favor of having the superior position assigned to the white race. I say upon this occasion I

do not perceive that because the white man is to have the superior position the Negro should be denied

everything. I do not understand that because I do not want a negro woman for a slave I must necessarily

want her for a wife. My understanding is that I can just let her alone.”

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 11 ANALYSIS QUESTIONS (with attached

biographies)

1. Having read the first ten chapters of the Stone book, what do you think the

chapter title, "No Turning Back" will be about.

2. Define "reconstruction" as used in this chapter. Make a list of the main points of

President Lincoln's reconstruction plan for the South (after the war).

23

3. Look through the chapter and find the U.S. Grant quote that "There are but two

parties now, traitors and patriots, and I want hereafter to be ranked with the latter."

What did Grant mean by calling people traitors?

4. U.S. Grant was appointed by President Lincoln to a position not filled for many years. What was the

position, and who held it last?

5. Read the statistics on the number of votes that Lincoln got in his 2nd run for office. Make a table to

display the votes.

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 12 ANALYSIS QUESTIONS

1. Considering the title of this chapter, "The End of Slavery," how is this "one" theme

The most important one in the chapter?

24

2. What other themes are discussed in this chapter? •

p.96-Who, What, When, Where and Why?

P.98-99-Who, What, When, Where and Why?

P.99 (last paragraph)-Who, What, When, Where and Why?

P. 100-101-Who, What, When, Where and Why?

3. On page 97, the author provides "A Presidency of Firsts" chart. Make your own chart using this same

information, only "paraphrase" each section into your own words. The following blank page can be used to

produce your new chart. You may illustrate it as well as you see fit.

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 13 ANALYSIS SHEET

1. Considering the chapter title: "With Malice toward None," find and write a good definition of the word

malice. What do you think the chapter will tell us about Lincoln and the time-period this chapter occurs?

25

2. Author Tanya Stone uses a lot of new and/or different words in this chapter. Using Context Clues:

describe briefly how context clues could be used to define these words:

p. 102. incoherently

3. Compare and Contrast: Describe the differences in how Mary Lincoln and Abraham Lincoln felt about

how to deal with the South after the war. These thoughts are on p. 105

President Abraham Lincoln Opinions

p.103, perish

p. 104, theorizing

p. 105. extravagant

Mary Lincoln's Opinions

Why

What

Who

When

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 14 ANALYSIS QUESTIONS

1. Getting toward the end of this little book, what do you think the title of this chapter, "Beginning of the

End" mean, and what all do you think will happen?

26

2. In reading the beginning pages of this chapter we hear of the President not feeling well. What trip

helps to make him feel a little better? What did he mean when he made the statement "here is something

material, something I can feel, and understand, "mean?

3. Lincoln was hoping that President Jefferson Davis and other Confederate leaders would simply slink

away not to bother the country again. What do you think would have happened to these men if Lincoln

were alive to reconstruct the nation?

4. Richmond, Virginia, the capitol city of the Confederacy, was taken by Union armies. Who set fire to the

old city? Why did this happen?

5. On page 109 you can see a drawing of freed slaves greeting the President. What did

Lincoln think about the way he was being greeted?

6. Terrible plans were brewing in Washington. On p. 111 there is a picture of a man standing against a

railing. What do you think he had on his mind? Describe who the man is and how you think he was

thinking. What was he wanting to do?

LINCOLN BOOK, CHAP. 15 ANALYSIS QUESTIONS WITH AN ESSAY

ASSIGNMENT

1. For many this chapter represents a very sad ending for the book. Why do you think author, Tanya

Stone chose the chapter title, "A Giant Falls?"

2. Take a look at the picture of Lincoln on p. 112. Describe this picture in as many details as you can think

of. Include physical appearance, mood, and pose.

3. Using information about the assassination plans, list who else was supposed to be killed the same night

Lincoln was shot. List the people.

27

4. How many funeral services did President Lincoln have? Why did so many people want to memorialize

him? It seems that Lincoln thought he was going to lose the election a few months earlier. How did such an

unpopular President get elected again?

Second Essay Assignment:

Write a two-page essay that describes the last day of Abraham and Mary Lincoln’s life together, April 13,

1865. You can do the paper like a timeline, or like a story-narrative. Be sure to use an introductory

paragraph, body of the story/details, and in the last section be sure to include your personal feelings.

Somewhere in the paper, include how you think the children of the Lincolns

Robert and Tad, felt when their father was killed. You are free to find additional information through a

Google search or other books. A Newspaper Article from Harper's Weekly, May 6, 1865

THE TRUEST MOURNERS

28

WHILE the nation mourns, and cities are solemnly tapestried with the signs of sorrow, and the

funeral train moves across the land amidst tolling bells and minute-guns and slow pealing dirges ; while

orators and societies and communities speak their grief in impassioned eloquence or in sober narrative of a

life devoted in every heart-beat to the common welfare—there is one class of mourners little seen or rudely

repulsed, yet whose grief for ABRAHAM LINCOLN is profounder and more universal than all.

To the unhappy race upon whose equal natural rights with ourselves this nation had so long trampled —

upon our dusky brothers for whom God has so long asked of us in vain while we haughtily responded that

we were not our brothers' keepers, the death that bereaves us all falls with an overwhelming and appalling

force. The name of ABRAHAM LINCOLN meant to them freedom, justice, home, family, happiness. In

his life they knew that they lived. In his perfect benignity and just purpose, inflexible as the laws of seedtime

and harvest, they trusted with all their souls, whoever doubted. Their deliverer, their emancipator,

their friend, their father, he was known to them as the impersonation of that liberty for which they had wept

and watched, hoping against hope, praying in the very extremity of despair, and waiting with patience so

sublime that fat prosperity beguiled us into the meanness of saying that their long endurance of oppression

proved that God had created them to be oppressed.

The warm imagination of this people cherished ABRAHAM LINCOLN as more than mortal. He

dies; and in his death slavery doubtless seems to them again possible. It is a sorrow beyond any words,

beyond any comfort, except the slow conviction of time that the work he did for them was not his work ;

that he was but the minister of the nation ; and that ABRAHAM LINCOLN emancipated them because the

American people had declared they should be free. Yet none the less, as the terrible tale is whispered all

over the region where for four years a black face has been the sure sign of a true heart, the nameless and

inconceivable fear will paralyze that people. Of the operations of Government, of the tides and currents of

public opinion, of the grateful sympathy of a nation, they can know little, but they knew that ABRAHAM

LINCOLN was the name of the power that was lifting them from darkness into light, from death into life,

from a hopeless past into a jubilant future, and the shock of our sorrow can not re-veal to us, even in kind,

the depth and reality of theirs.

And when the story of his life is told, it will be seen that it was one long act of unwearied service

to these least of the little ones. He saw clearly from the beginning that the danger to his country lay out of

sight—that it lay deep down in the condition of the most friendless of all classes. He saw that the national

peril lay in the demoralization of the conscience of the country, wrought by a growing inhumanity and

injustice. He saw and said that all prosperity was delusive which was founded upon immorality ; and in a

part of the country where the prejudice against the colored race was fiercest, where political disgrace

seemed to await the man who persistently pleaded their cause, he never failed to declare in the face of the

most subtle sophistry, of the coarsest and most injurious ribaldry, and of the most passionate denunciation,

that slavery was, beneath all other considerations, a moral question ; that it was a moral wrong; and that not

until all the lights of truth and morality were extinguished could it cease to vex the country, and then cease

only because it had ruined it.

He did not unite with " the abolitionists"—he did not even plead for political privileges for colored men—

but he unswervingly proclaimed the right of all innocent men to personal liberty; and while he expressly

29

disclaimed any intention of interfering with slavery in the States which tolerated it, he did not hesitate to

say, with incisive and irresistible logic, that the Union could not endure half slave and half free. He hoped

that slavery would disappear from the country. He knew that if it did not, liberty would; and he unfolded

the details of the great conspiracy, of which the country showed that at last it was aware by electing him

President. He believed, also, that the extinction of slavery would be accomplished by legal and peaceful

methods. In that he was mistaken. This simple, homely, sagacious man, who declared that the Government

could not endure half slave and half free, was called to be the minister of securing its permanence by

making it wholly free, and the statesman whom slavery had never deceived, who had exposed its

immorality, as the clear calm eye of the old philosopher exposed the serpent in the woman's form, died by a

stealthy blow from its desperate, dying hand. His death justifies every word of his life. The shot of the

assassin completed the absolute extirpation of the loathsome system which that of the rebels at Sumter four

years before had begun.

We are all grateful to the good man whom we are burying, but if we had all been Carolina slaves

what speechless woe, what eternal gratitude, would ours be 1 As time passes they will learn that their cause

is also ours. They will see that slavery, not LINCOLN, is dead. For the work in which he was but the

minister of the people, the people will fulfill to the utmost with a sacred devotion.

VOCABULARY WORDS FROM THE TANYA STONE LINCOLN BOOK

30

Vocabulary to study

1. Obelisk, p.6

2. Pursuit, p.7

3. Trudged, p.9

4. Antislavery, p.9

5. Reciting, p. 10

6. Abolitionists, p. 10

7. Raucous, p. 15

8. Passion, p. 15

9. Minutely, p. 15

10. Penchant, p. 16

11. Cargo, p.20

12. Debated, p.22

13. Navigating, p.23

14. Reputation, p.23

15. Thriving, p.24

16. Ensued, p.25

17. Surveyor, p.25

18. Ambitious, p.26

19. Competitors, p.26

20. Circuit, p.27

21. Squelch, p.28

22. Resolutions, p.29

23. Sentiments, p. 29

24. Rallied, p. 29

25. Execution, p.29

26. Tactics, p.30

27. Network, p.30

28. Liberator, p.30

29. Banding, p.30

30. Compromised, p.30

31. Avarice, p.30

32. Unassuming, p.31

33. Persuasion, p.31

34. Incident, p.31

35. Calculating, p.31

36. Reason, p.31

37. Cosmopolitan, p.31

38. Reciprocated, p.32

31

39. Intensively, p.33

40. Corresponded, p.33

41. Camaraderie, p.34

42. Awkward, p.35

43. Engagement, p.36

44. Depression, p.36

45. Mutual, p.37

46. Litigation, p.39

47. Convene, p.40

48. Boarders, p.41

49. Annexed, p.41

50. Assiduously, p.42

51. Fugitive, p.43

52. erratically, p.43

53. Tuberculosis, p.43

54. Infectious, p.43

55. Union, p.43

56. Provocation, p.43

57. Self-sufficient, p.44

58. Bouts, p.46

59. Melancholy, p.46

21. Squelch, p.28

22. Resolutions, p.29

23. Sentiments, p. 29

24. Rallied, p. 29

25. Execution, p.29

26. Tactics, p.30

27. Network, p.30

28. Liberator, p.30

29. Banding, p.30

30. Compromised, p.30

31. Avarice, p.30

32. Unassuming, p.31

33. Persuasion, p.31

34. Incident, p.31

35. Calculating, p.31

36. Reason, p.31

37. Cosmopolitan, p.31

38. Reciprocated, p.32

31

39. Intensively, p.33

40. Corresponded, p.33

41. Camaraderie, p.34

42. Awkward, p.35

43. Engagement, p.36

44. Depression, p.36

45. Mutual, p.37

46. Litigation, p.39

47. Convene, p.40

48. Boarders, p.41

49. Annexed, p.41

50. Assiduously, p.42

51. Fugitive, p.43

52. erratically, p.43

53. Tuberculosis, p.43

54. Infectious, p.43

55. Union, p.43

56. Provocation, p.43

57. Self-sufficient, p.44

58. Bouts, p.46

59. Melancholy, p.46