Learning Lincoln On-line
FROM-- SET ONE, CIVIL WAR STUDIES
(Topic Fifteen: Slavery and the Underground Railroad: Illinois)
DIRECTIONS AND TASKS:
Read from the 19th Century School Books Collection
Pages 240-242"...a conversation between a slave (that has attempted
to escape) and his master."
Read the short version:
An American History of Slavery Timeline
5. Songs used by slaves to communicate to each other. Very few could read & write, and it would be very dangerous to use written notes, so .......A song like "Follow the Drinking Gourd" was used to provide secret messages on how to travel on the railroad. Songs slaves sang often had double meanings. Since slaves were forbidden to read and write, they had to communicate in ways that would not be obvious to their slave owners. One way was through song. (In tribal cultures of Africa, songs were often used to transmit information and therefore historians tell us that slaves used this same method when captured and enslaved in America. Have students listen to and/or read the lyrics to the song “Follow the Drinking Gourd” and then challenge them to crack its code. (Historians know that the lyrics secretly identified landmarks and constellations to guide slaves along the trail to freedom. A “drinking gourd” described the Big Dipper constellation and its North Star, since slaves were familiar with carved gourds which they used to scoop water from buckets to get a drink.)
the lyrics of "Follow the Drinking Guard." Teachers can find lyric
meanings at the
NASA Quest Archives.
Underground Railroad sites can be used to find your information.
FOUR SPECIAL TASKS
Task 1 The Lincoln-Matson Slave Trial, Coles County,
Task 2 Slavery and Underground Railroad tasks
Follow the directions as provided.
2. Read the two pages from the 19th Century School Books Collection, involving the conversation between a slave and a slave-owner.
3. Write a statement about what you think about slavery in our country.
4. What was the Fugitive Slave Law?
5. Where were the Underground Railroad Stations in Illinois? Other States? What country would the runaway slaves be most safe in?
Task 3 Click into Frederick Douglass National Park Service site
Click Here [This site has tabs for each question answer-section]
Read and Answer the questions listed with information from the site.
1. What does the introduction say he is now called?
2. Go to the Mighty Word link, and what was his newspaper called?
3. Go to the Power of an Idea. What is the Frederick Douglass quote?
4. Go to Women’s Rights. What did Douglass stand for concerning women’s rights?
5. Go to Home In Washington D.C. find where Frederick Douglass ended up living for the last years of his life?
MORE SLAVERY-RELATED ACTIVITIES