Fugitive Slave Law, the Underground Railroad and
the Black Laws of Illinois.
learn about these topics, and work on four learning activities
LEARNING ON-LINE ABRAHAM
Commonly a learning
activity like this is planned to be done chronologically. In
studying Abraham Lincoln and his feelings and response toward
slavery could be done in a totally different way than
chronologically. We all know that Abraham was born in Kentucky,
and then moved to Indiana. He lived in Kentucky with his
Baptist father, Thomas Lincoln, who adamantly hated the
institution of slavery. Hating slavery had nothing to do with
relationships with black people. The slaves in Kentucky were
located mostly on large commercial plantations. Thomas Lincoln
was a sustenance farmer. Sustenance farmers grew crops and
raised live stalk for consumption, not sale.
Thomas Lincoln thought slavery was an immoral
institution. His son, Abraham, would witness slaves on the
pathway near the Lincoln home, being transported back and forth
by slave owners. Abraham would hear "great" discussions of the
evilness of slavery between his father and other visitors of
Thomas and Nancy Lincoln would leave Kentucky and move
to the Northern state of Indiana to get away from slavery and
other problems in Kentucky.
We all know that Abraham, as a young man, travelled to
New Orleans twice to deliver products on a flatboat from Indiana
and later Illinois. He would personally witness slave auctions,
and see slavery in-action in the south.
The slavery projects will
consider a set of questions,
listed below. In addition, there is a
set of "tasks," to help learn more about Abraham Lincoln and the
problem of slavery.
Abraham Lincoln considers how to end slavery
"Abraham Lincoln is often referred to as "The Great Emancipator"
and yet, he did not publicly call for emancipation throughout
his entire life. Lincoln began his public career by claiming
that he was "antislavery" -- against slavery's expansion but not
calling for immediate emancipation. He was not an active
However, the man who began as "antislavery" eventually issued
the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all slaves in those
states that were in rebellion. He vigorously supported the 13th
Amendment which abolished slavery throughout the United States,
and, in the last speech of his life, he recommended extending
the vote to African Americans." Visit the Henry Ford video
covering America's history of liberty.
A SUMMARY OF LINCOLN'S VIEWS CONCERNING SLAVERY:
Lincoln wasn’t an abolitionist.
Lincoln didn’t believe blacks should have the same rights as
Lincoln thought colonization could resolve the issue of slavery.
Emancipation was a military
The Emancipation Proclamation didn’t actually
free all of the slaves.
Words of Lincoln are listed at
Lincoln NPS Site
Frederick Douglas to Abraham Lincoln
concerning the possible emancipation of slaves
PBS Slavery & the Making of America
The 19th Century Southern Viewpoint for Slavery (by owners)
THREE LEARNING TASKS
Read the Excerpt from Abraham Lincoln's "House Divided Speech"
This famous speech, given in 1858 encompasses Lincoln's
political solution on the issue of slavery, including causes of
national division and what will have to happen to end it all.
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Convention.
If we could first know where we are, and
whither we are tending, we could then better judge
what to do, and how to do it.
We are now far into the fifth year, since
policy was initiated, with the
avowed object, and confident promise, of putting an
Under the operation of that policy, that
agitation has not only, not ceased, but has
In my opinion, it will not cease,
shall have been reached, and passed.
"A house divided against itself cannot stand."
I believe this government cannot endure,
permanently half slave and half free.
I do not expect the Union to be
-- I do not expect the house to
-- but I do expect it will cease to be
It will become all one thing or all
Either the opponents of slavery, will
arrest the further spread of it, and
place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it
is in the course of ultimate extinction; or its advocates
will push it forward, till it shall become alike lawful in
all the States, old as well as new -- North
as well as South.
Have we no
to the latter
OTHER ITEMS AND ARTICLES AS LISTED IN THE SLAVERY AND
LINCOLN RESOURCE LIST.
fINISH THE TASKS AS LISTED:
Read the articles and passages as presented in the slavery
activities. Consider the questions listed. Take notes as
answers for the questions are revealed.
Use the Article
Response Form to record your answers.
1. Start with a concept
"The Slave Power Conspiracy," concerning the pre 1870's
Southern viewpoint and Northern counter-viewpoint of the issue
of slavery. and Northern counter-viewpoint of the issue of
Study Abraham Lincoln's politics
concerning slavery in our country, and particularly his
statements from the Debates with Stephen Douglas in 1858.
the National Park Service Article on "Lincoln and Slavery."
3. Study where and how
Abraham Lincoln got his philosophy and ideas about the "final
solution of the problem of slavery--its' gradual extinction."
Click the National Park Service on "Emancipation and
the Quest for Freedom."
Study how Abraham Lincoln's
early life helped to formulate his attitudes and beliefs about
articles on Lincoln's attitude toward slavery in the early
Study President Abraham
Lincoln's evolving during his Presidency concerning slavery.
Go to the
Gilder-Lehrman Site to read
about "Allies for Emancipation? Black Abolitionists and Abraham
ROLE PLAYING: A DEBATE PRO OR CON
INTRODUCTION TO THIS TASK:
It is difficult now to understand why slavery was
ever allowed in the United States. Why did it grow and become
so important in the South? Why did some Northerners fear the
ending of slavery in the South? What did President Lincoln do
Through reading the selected readings and quotes from Abraham
Lincoln, throughout his career, you can see a change in his
attitude and feelings about slavery/equality/individual rights.
It is difficult to understand how the 1850's
political leader, even Abraham Lincoln, could think the way they
did. America was in a totally different value system in the mid
Slavery was a very important economic issue in
the South, especially after development of the Cotton Gin. The
slave was basically treated as an investment, a tool, and a
work-horse (not human). The Southern politicians were staunch
about protecting the right to own slaves.
on the role
of a U.S. President, a
Southern plantation owner/farmer with slaves, a northerner, a
poor white farmer in the north and border states, and make
decisions where you stand on the subject of SLAVERY or
Study your role choice and then
on the issues of expansion of slavery into the new Territories,
later to be states and the morality aspect, taking the side of
your role choice.
Complete the table below for the role you chose. Be careful to not mix
opposing thoughts and opinions in your responses. In a debate,
you often will get the side you don't agree with, but have to
support it anyway. You can find information on the Resource
List given earlier.
TASK #3 QUESTIONS
TO ANSWER ABOUT LINCOLN AND SLAVERY
Use the resources
listed in the Introduction
Answer the Questions:
1. 1626-- What happened at
2. 1641-- What law was passed
3. 1663-- What did a group
4. 1682-- What declaration did
set-forth concerning black servants?
5. 1708-- What had happened to
Carolina's population numbers?
6. 1696-- What happened to the
business in New England?
7. 1733-- what did the Quaker,
8. 1770-- Crispus Attucks, died
9. 1773-- Slaves started this, as
first for them. What was it?
10. 1784-- Thomas Jefferson tried
get a proposal through concerning slavery, but failed. What was
11. 1788-- The U.S. Constitution
slavery and the 3/5th's clause. What is the 3/5th's clause?
12. 1819-- What
to the slave trading industry?
13. 1831-- A runaway
safety program gets it's name. What is this program?
14. 1842-- An old
slave law was brought up in (Prigg v. Pennsylvania), and became the law
the land. What was that law?
15. 1848-- A new
group organizes a political party. What was the name of the party, and
was their major platform (thing they wanted stopped)?
16. 1857-- Slavery
gain much in a Supreme Court Decision. What was the case, and
what did it
say about slavery in the territories?
17. 1860-- How many
were there in the U.S.? A new President is elected.
Who was he?
18. 1861-- What war
19. 1862-- Blacks
now allowed to obtain "free land" from what Act?
20. The first Black
unit was organized to fight in the Civil War. What was the name
21. 1865-- A
amendment is passed to abolish slavery. What number is the
ended in 1865.
INDIVIDUAL NORTHERN STATES WITH HARSH "BLACK
CODES" THE ILLINOIS BLACK CODES
Go to the State Codes Site to
learn of the effect of these harsh laws.
Click Here to enter the
"Black Code of Illinois Picture Study Puzzle." This TASK
will have multiple reading and "question/answer" components.
QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED:
1. Why didn't Abraham Lincoln become an abolitionist?
2. Why did President refuse to end slavery by any means other
than a Constitutional Amendment? 3. Why did President Lincoln
declare that slavery was not the reason for the Civil War?
4. Why did he hold back on emancipating the slaves of the
5. Why did he think he could organize a project to send free
slaves to South America or Liberia (Africa)?
6. Why did Abraham say, in 1858, at Charleston, Illinois that
there could not be equality of blacks and whites?
7. Why did free blacks in Richmond, Virginia, after Richmond
fell call President Abraham Lincoln "Father Abraham?
Slavery 16th President Activity
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