While living in Springfield,
Abraham Lincoln would enter and leave politics. Mary always thought her
husband would become President. All the time, while at Springfield,
Abraham would advance lawyer skills, public speaking, reading and
keeping updated on world and national activities. Stephen Douglas would
get him roused to the point of re-entering politics and running against
him as U.S. Senator, and then U.S. President. He would lose the first
campaign, by winning the popular vote, but not being chosen by the
Illinois Legislature, as law was in the 1850's. He would handily beat
his Illinois opponent in the Presidential run in 1860.
Political Actions of
Abraham Lincoln 1830-1865
Events (human problems, legal needs, &
People (candidates, political parties, various
Election campaigns and final votes of the people
Student Directions: Information gathering
Choose a decade and a specific event, person, or election.
Research the political topic--it's causes, people concerns, theme. Find
out what why this topic was important enough to people to cause the
formation of a political party, leaders, and campaigns.
Research some more and find out how Abraham Lincoln related to the topic
or politics of the event. Did he take a side? What was his stand?
How did the political event change after the election of men? How did
Lincoln do in his part of the event?
Gather a collection of images representing the political event and the
Make a Presentation:
Use computer-based presentation software such as Power Point or Prezi to make a
show to tell the story of your political event and the people involved.
Design each slide with clearly readable text, images, background design,
colors and transitions.
Write an essay or story using computer, or non-computer means. Include
illustrations to go along with the subject you chose to present.
beginnings while living at New Salem, including the first
"important" stump speech in bare feet; runs for the Illinois
General Assembly including wins and losses; his earliest
platform and membership in the Whig Party
Politics: helped to get the
Illinois state capital moved from Vandalia to Springfield. April
Personal: leaves New Salem and settles in
Professional: Becomes a law partner of John T. Stuart.
In Summer, proposes marriage to Mary Owens, is turned down and
the courtship ends.
Helps to successfully defend Henry Truett in a famous murder
August 6, re-elected to the Illinois Gen. Assembly,
becoming Whig floor leader.
Travels through nine counties in central and eastern Illinois
as a lawyer on the 8th Judicial Circuit. December 3, admitted to
practice in United States Circuit Court;
Personal: Meets Mary Todd, 21, at
Early and Mid 1840's
Professional: In June, Lincoln argues his first case before the Illinois
August 3, re-elected to the Illinois Gen.
Personal: In Fall, becomes engaged to Mary Todd.
Personal: January 1, breaks off engagement with Mary Todd. Has episode
Professional: March 1, forms new law partnership with Stephen
T. Logan. In August;
makes a trip by steamboat to Kentucky and
sees twelve slaves chained together.
Does not seek re-election to the legislature;
Personal: In Summer,
resumes courtship with Mary Todd; Political: In September, accepts a
challenge to a duel by Democratic state auditor James Shields
over published letters making fun of Shields;
September 22, duel
with swords is averted by an explanation of letters;
marries Mary Todd in Springfield.
Lincoln is unsuccessful in try for the Whig nomination for
Personal: August 1, first child, Robert Todd Lincoln, is
Personal: May, the Lincoln family moves into a house in Springfield,
bought for $1500;
Political: Campaigns for Henry Clay in the presidential
election. In December, dissolves law partnership with Logan,
then sets up his own practice.
Personal: March 10, a son, Edward Baker Lincoln is born. May 1,
nominated to be the Whig candidate for U.S. Congress. August 3,
elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
Personal: Moves into a
boarding house in Washington, D.C. with his wife and sons;
December 6, takes his seat when Thirtieth Congress convenes.
December 22, presents resolutions questioning President Polk
about U.S. hostilities with Mexico.
Political: January 22,
gives a speech on floor of the House against President Polk's
war policy regarding Mexico. In June, attends the national Whig
convention supporting General Zachary Taylor as the nominee for
president. Campaigns for Taylor in Maryland and in Boston,
Mass., then in Illinois.
7 and 8, makes an appeal before the U.S. Supreme Court regarding
the Illinois statute of limitations, but is unsuccessful;
31, returns to Springfield and leaves politics to practice law;
On May 22, Abraham Lincoln is granted
U.S. Patent No. 6,469
(the only president ever granted a patent).
HOUSE DIVIDED SPEECH AND
THE LINCOLN-DOUGLAS DEBATES
Personal: February 1, his son Edward dies after a two month illness;
Lincoln resumes his travels in the 8th Judicial Circuit covering
over 400 miles in 14 counties in Illinois. 'Honest Abe' gains a
reputation as an outstanding lawyer;
Personal: December 21, his third son,
William Wallace Lincoln (Willie) is born.
January 17, Lincoln's father dies.
Personal: April 4, his fourth son, Thomas (Tad) is born.
Re-enters politics opposing the
Elected to Illinois legislature but declines the seat in order
to try to become U.S. Senator.
- Political: Does not get chosen by the Illinois legislature to be U.S.
Political: May 29, helps organize the new Republican party of Illinois.
At the first Republican convention Lincoln gets 110 votes for
the vice-presidential nomination, bringing him national
attention. Campaigns in Illinois for Republican presidential
candidate, John C. Frémont.
Political: June 26, in Springfield, Lincoln speaks against the
Dred Scott decision.
Professional: In May, wins acquittal in a murder trial by using an almanac
regarding the height of the moon to discredit a witness;
16, nominated to be the Republican senator from Illinois,
Stephen A. Douglas.
"House Divided" speech
at the state convention in Springfield. Also engages Douglas in
a series of seven debates with big audiences.
Illinois legislature chooses Douglas for the U.S. Senate over
Lincoln by a vote of 54 to 46;
Professional: In the Fall, Lincoln makes his
last trip through the 8th Judicial Circuit. December 20, writes
March 6, delivers an impassioned political speech on slavery
in New Haven, Connecticut. Also in March, the 'Lincoln-Douglas
May 18, 1860
Political: Nominated to be the Republican candidate for President of the
United States. Opposes Northern Democrat Stephen A. Douglas and
Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge;
Personal: In June, writes a
November 6, 1860
Political: Abraham Licoln is elected as 16th U.S. president
and the first Republican. Receives 180 of 303 possible electoral
votes and 40 percent of the popular vote.
Dec 20, 1860
- South Carolina secedes from the Union. Followed within two
months by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and
Feb 11, 1861
Personal & Professional: Lincoln gives a brief farewell
to friends and supporters at Springfield and leaves by train for
Washington. Receives a warning during the trip about a possible
THE HISTORY PLACE TIMELINE
16th President Topics
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