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Topic Sets to Study the Civil War Home Page

CONTENTS SET THREE:

READING #3

FORT SUMTER SURRENDERED--TELEGRAPH MESSAGE FROM COL. ROBERT ANDERSON

Read the entire text of this speech on the Abraham Lincoln Online website

Telegram Announcing the Surrender of Fort Sumter (1861)

From the National Archives and Records Administration 

On April 10, 1861, Brig. Gen. Pierre G.T. Beauregard, in command of the provisional Confederate forces at Charleston, SC, demanded the surrender of the U.S. garrison of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. Garrison commander Robert Anderson refused. On April 12, Confederate batteries opened fire on the fort, which was unable to reply effectively. At 2:30 p.m., April 13, Major Anderson surrendered Fort Sumter, evacuating the garrison on the following day. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War. From 1863 to 1865, the Confederates at Fort Sumter withstood a 22-month siege by Union forces. During this time, most of the fort was reduced to brick rubble.

 

Telegram image from the (NARA) Our Documents Collection

 

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