THE FREDERICK DOUGLASS
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Frederick Douglass Tasks #1-#6
Student Task #1--
1865, A GUEST AT PRESIDENT
There are several readings for
this TASK. The topic
represents "Firsts" in American
The article from Abraham Lincoln Classroom. This article concerns
Douglass' invitation to attend the reception, his
problem entering the White House, and how it all ended
up. Locate the section from Reference # 51. For this
task, you may . . .
Design and print a Lincoln White House
invitation with computer software such as Word,
Publisher or other publishing software. Make up a
list of very important dignitaries that would have
received the invitation to attend President
Lincoln's second inauguration reception. Research
to find out some of the major guests that showed up
to the reception, including Frederick Douglass.
Print enough invitations to address for each of your
invited guests. Remember the official White
House/Government Seal and appropriate image of the
1860's White House, and other details.
Write an essay describing how Frederick
Douglass felt when the policemen stopped him at the
door of the White House, refusing to let him enter
the reception. Describe how Douglass responded to
this event. After reading Douglass' own words
describing the reception (after he finally got
admitted), how do you think the President and
Douglass felt when seeing each other? Include this
answer within the essay. You could also include your
feelings about why this meeting between a sitting
President and a black man was so historical.
Read about Washington D.C. in the early
Mr. Lincoln's White House
website, and particularly the Nearby Washington article.
Think about where the nation's capitol was actually
located. Why would Washington D.C. be a possibly
"unfriendly" place for a black man to live or visit.
Why would it be a "safe haven."
LINCOLN'S FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS, 1861
DOUGLASS OPINION OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN AFTER THE FIRST
READ AND EXCERPT FROM:
ARTICLE # 10
“Your Late Lamented Husband”:
A Letter from Frederick Douglass
to Mary Todd Lincoln before the President was
Further study can be done by reading the site.
Student Task #2-- FREDERICK DOUGLASS
OF HOW HE BECAME A SELF-MADE MAN
ARTICLE #5-A SELF-MADE MAN
DOUGLASS ADVISOR TO THE PRESIDENT "THE BLACK MAN
AT THE WHITE HOUSE" From Frederick Douglass
My Bondage and My
Freedom 1855 CHAPTER XI SECESSION
AND WAR, pages 350-355 (an excerpt from an article
An Unusual Friendship -
Lincoln & Frederick Douglass
by William Connery
Student Task #3-- A CIVIL WAR TIMELINE
Use a Civil War timeline to check out events during the Civil
War, especially the first two years. The Civil War was
not going well for the Union or President Lincoln before
1863. The Emancipation Proclamation was issued January
1, 1863. President Lincoln would now authorize African
Americans to serve in the Union Army. African Americans
and Frederick Douglass would have a big part in the new
direction. Frederick Douglass would now become a
recruiter for the Union Army to convince male freed
slaves to join and fight for the Union.
The Smithsonian Civil War
American troops would enter battle. The 54th
Massachusetts Infantry Regiment under Col. Robert G.
READ ALSO: Congressional Medal of Honor winners by
African Americans at the
Buffalo Soldiers site. Work within a
small group, and make a memorial honor board for all the
African-American soldiers that won this award during the
Civil War. Provide detailed information and a portrait
of each. As you read about recruits, find out the names
of Frederick Douglass' own sons that were recruited as
Student Task #4--
THE 54th MASSACHUSETTS
READ: about the heroic 54th Massachusetts
Infantry Regiment at the Battle for Fort Wagner at
Originals from the National Archives and Records Administration.
Actual letters and pictures from soldiers from the 54th as on the
Battle of Olustee Site.
Student Task #5--
DOUGLASS' THREE COMPLAINTS TO
Read the short article about Frederick Douglass' first
official visit to the White House to confer with the
President. Answer these questions about that visit:
What were the three "complaints' that
Douglass would relate to the President?
Read the resulting "Proclamation of
Retaliation" that the President would issue shortly
after the Douglass visit. Why was this so important
for the African American Union soldiers?
Do you think the Confederate Army
honored and abided by the Proclamation with its'
READ THE ARTICLES:
LINCOLN'S FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS, 1861
ARTICLE #4--July 30, 1863. — ORDER OP RETALIATION
EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON, July 30, 1863.
(This is a link to a Google Book Page)
Abraham Lincoln Complete Works Comprising His Speeches,
Letters, State Papers, and Miscellaneous Writings. Ed.
by John G. Nicolay and John Hay. Vol. 2, The Century
Co. 1894 p. 378 p. 378 Online at
OPTIONAL tasks (LESSONS #6-#10) His life separate of the
Student Task #6-- AS A SLAVE & FREE-MAN
Working backward in time, your job now is to study and read
about Frederick Douglass' years before freedom. In this
you will learn of his servitude, brutal punishments,
illegal education and his escape to freedom. & at the
Memories Collection of the Library of Congress.
Student Task #7-- CONDUCTOR ON THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD
Working forward in time, your job now is to study and read
about Frederick Douglass's years after freedom as a
conductor for the Underground Railroad and newspaper
writer and publisher.
American Memories Collection.
Student Task #8-- THREE KEY LEARNINGS FOR A SUCCESSFUL
This TASK works with #13 & #14.
They could all be completed as a unit.
Frederick Douglass accomplished a lot in his life, based upon
his life-plan THREE KEY LEARNINGS:
1. Believing in yourself;
2. Taking advantage of every opportunity;
3. Using the power of spoken and written language to effect
positive change for yourself and society.
# 5 AND
#9. Article # 9 has two
The first is about the "Forty Acres and a Mule," and the
second is a description to the 13th, 14th and 15th
Amendments to the Constitution (the Reconstruction
Student Task #9-- EQUALITY FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS
Returning back to 1863-1865, conditions for black Union
soldiers would get better. Describe how conditions
improved, or didn't improve because of the Presidential
Proclamation for Retaliation, and orders for equal pay,
and other basic rights for blacks in the war.
Student Task #10-- AFTER THE WAR
Frederick Douglass' life after the Civil War, and the
assassination of the President would be, perhaps, the
most interesting of his career and life-history.
READ: the Chapters of his last autobiography
The Life and Times of
Student Task #11-- Frederick Douglass Recruits African American
for military service in Civil War
FOR THE U.S. ARMY
From Frederick Douglass Autobiography
My Bondage and My Freedom
1855 CHAPTER XI SECESSION AND WAR,
pages 344-350 "MEN OF COLOR, TO ARMS"
Student Task #12-- A COMPARISON OF FREDERICK DOUGLAS TO
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.
A COMPARISON OF FREDERICK DOUGLASS TO MARTIN LUTHER
Student Task #13-- Frederick Douglass Discusses
How to Learn to Read and Write
The PDF article from Frederick Douglass' Writings "How
to Learn to Read and Write."
(You will have to have Acrobat PDF Reader on your computer
to get the article.)
Student Task #14-- Frederick Douglass Discusses the
Idea of "Being a Self-Made Man."
Article "Frederick Douglass and the "Self-
Made Man," from a Lecture he gave around the country.