DOUGLASS' CIVIL WAR YEARS (LESSONS #1-#6)
Student Task #1--
1865, A GUEST AT PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S SECOND
There are several readings for
this TASK. The topic
represents "Firsts" in American
The article from Abraham Lincoln Classroom.
This article concerns Douglass' invitation to attend the
reception, his problem entering the White House, and how
it all ended up. Locate the section from Reference #
51. For this task, you may . . .
Design and print a Lincoln White House invitation with computer
software such as Word, Publisher or other publishing
software. Make up a list of very important
dignitaries that would have received the invitation
to attend President Lincoln's second inauguration
reception. Research to find out some of the major
guests that showed up to the reception, including
Frederick Douglass. Print enough invitations to
address for each of your invited guests. Remember
the official White House/Government Seal and
appropriate image of the 1860's White House, and
Write an essay describing how Frederick Douglass felt when the
policemen stopped him at the door of the White
House, refusing to let him enter the reception.
Describe how Douglass responded to this event.
After reading Douglass' own words describing the
reception (after he finally got admitted), how do
you think the President and Douglass felt when
seeing each other? Include this answer within the
essay. You could also include your feelings about
why this meeting between a sitting President and a
black man was so historical.
about Washington D.C. in the early 1860's.
Mr. Lincoln's White House
website, and particularly the Nearby Washington article.
Think about where the nation's capitol was actually
located. Why would Washington D.C. be a possibly
"unfriendly" place for a black man to live or visit.
Why would it be a "safe haven."
LINCOLN'S FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS, 1861
DOUGLASS OPINION OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN AFTER
THE FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS
READ AND EXCERPT FROM:
ARTICLE # 10
“Your Late Lamented Husband”:
Letter from Frederick Douglass to Mary Todd
Lincoln before the President was
Further study can be done by reading the site.
Student Task #2-- FREDERICK DOUGLASS WRITES
OF HOW HE BECAME A SELF-MADE MAN
ARTICLE #5-A SELF-MADE MAN
DOUGLASS ADVISOR TO THE PRESIDENT
BLACK MAN AT THE WHITE HOUSE" From Frederick Douglass
My Bondage and My
Freedom 1855 CHAPTER XI SECESSION
WAR, pages 350-355 (an excerpt from an article An
Unusual Friendship -
& Frederick Douglass
by William Connery
Student Task #3-- A CIVIL WAR TIMELINE
Use a Civil War timeline to check out events during the
Civil War, especially the first two
years. The Civil War was not going well for the Union or
President Lincoln before 1863.
The Emancipation Proclamation was issued January 1,
1863. President Lincoln would
now authorize African Americans to serve in the Union
Army. African Americans and
Frederick Douglass would have a big part in the new
direction. Frederick Douglass would
now become a recruiter for the Union Army to convince male
freed slaves to join and fight
for the Union.
The Smithsonian Civil War
American troops would enter battle. The 54th
Massachusetts Infantry Regiment under Col. Robert G.
READ ALSO: Congressional Medal of
Honor winners by
African Americans at the
Buffalo Soldiers site. Work within a
small group, and make a memorial honor board for
all the African-American soldiers that won this award
during the Civil War. Provide
detailed information and a portrait of each. As you read
about recruits, find out the names
of Frederick Douglass' own sons that were recruited as
Student Task #4--
THE 54th MASSACHUSETTS
READ: about the heroic 54th
Massachusetts Infantry Regiment at the Battle for Fort
Originals from the National Archives and Records Administration.
Actual letters and
pictures from soldiers from the 54th as on the
Battle of Olustee Site.
Student Task #5--
DOUGLASS' THREE COMPLAINTS TO LINCOLN
Read the short article about Frederick Douglass' first
official visit to the White House to
confer with the President. Answer these questions about
What were the three "complaints' that Douglass would
relate to the President?
Read the resulting "Proclamation of Retaliation"
that the President would issue shortly
after the Douglass visit. Why was this so
important for the African American Union
Do you think the Confederate Army honored and abided
by the Proclamation with its'
READ THE ARTICLES:
LINCOLN'S FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS, 1861
ARTICLE #4--July 30, 1863. — ORDER OP RETALIATION
WASHINGTON, July 30, 1863. (This is a link to a
Google Book Page)
Lincoln Complete Works Comprising His Speeches, Letters, State Papers,
Miscellaneous Writings. Ed. by John G. Nicolay and John Hay. Vol.
Century Co. 1894 p. 378 p. 378 Online at
OPTIONAL tasks (LESSONS #6-#10)
DOUGLASS' life separate of the Civil
Student Task #6-- AS A SLAVE & FREE-MAN
Working backward in time, your job now is to study and read
about Frederick Douglass'
years before freedom. In this you will learn of his
servitude, brutal punishments, illegal
education and his escape to freedom. & at the
Memories Collection of the Library of Congress.
Student Task #7-- CONDUCTOR ON THE UNDERGROUND
Working forward in time, your job now is to study and read
about Frederick Douglass's
years after freedom as a conductor for the Underground
Railroad and newspaper writer
American Memories Collection.
Student Task #8-- THREE KEY LEARNINGS FOR A
This TASK works with #13 & #14.
They could all be completed as a unit.
Frederick Douglass accomplished a lot in his life, based
upon his life-plan THREE KEY
1. Believing in yourself;
2. Taking advantage of every opportunity;
3. Using the power of spoken and written language to
effect positive change for yourself
# 5 AND
#9. Article # 9 has two
The first is about the
"Forty Acres and a Mule," and the second is a description to the 13th,
14th and 15th
Amendments to the Constitution (the Reconstruction Amendments)
Student Task #9-- EQUALITY FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS
Returning back to 1863-1865, conditions for black Union
soldiers would get better.
Describe how conditions improved, or didn't improve because
of the Presidential
Proclamation for Retaliation, and orders for equal pay, and
other basic rights for blacks in
READ THE ARTICLE AT:
Student Task #10-- AFTER THE WAR
Frederick Douglass' life after the Civil War, and the
assassination of the President would be, perhaps, the
most interesting of his career and life-history.
READ: the Chapters of his last
The Life and Times of
Student Task #11-- Frederick Douglass Recruits
African American men
for military service in Civil War
FOR THE U.S. ARMY
From Frederick Douglass
My Bondage and My Freedom
1855 CHAPTER XI SECESSION AND
WAR, pages 344-350 "MEN OF COLOR, TO ARMS"
Student Task #12-- A COMPARISON OF FREDERICK
MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.
A COMPARISON OF FREDERICK DOUGLASS TO MARTIN LUTHER
Student Task #13-- Frederick Douglass Discusses
How to Learn to Read and Write
The PDF article from Frederick Douglass' Writings "How
to Learn to Read and Write."
(You will have to have Acrobat PDF Reader on your computer
to get the article.)
Student Task #14-- Frederick Douglass Discusses
Idea of "Being a Self-Made Man."
Article "Frederick Douglass and the "Self-
Made Man," from a Lecture he gave around the
EXTRA "HIGHER LEVEL" ACTIVITIES:
HERE TO SEE THE PAGE