Learning Lincoln On-line

FROM-- SET SEVEN, CIVIL WAR STUDIES

Topic Forty-three:  Frederick Douglass, Abolitionist and Advisor to the President

Frederick Douglass

1818-1895
Slave, Free Man, Abolitionist/Newspaper Editor


Based upon the life
of Frederick Douglass, former slave

ACTIVITY TASKS  As a class or individually, you will work with an on-line picture puzzle (PART ONE), and complete several TASKS (PART TWO).   The picture puzzle will cover fellow abolitionists and their lives.   Part two will have several tasks  to cover all aspects of Frederick Douglass' life and career. 

PART ONE-- GO TO THE NORTH STAR PICTURE PUZZLE.  FOLLOW DIRECTIONS TO COMPLETE THE READING AND WORK IN IT--  CLICK HERE FOR THE PUZZLE

 

PART TWO--  READING AND RESEARCH TASK DESCRIPTIONS    FOLLOW THESE AND LINKS AND DIRECTIONS FOR EACH--  READ BELOW

 

DOUGLASS' CIVIL WAR YEARS (LESSONS #1-#6)


Student Task #1-- 1865,  A GUEST AT PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S SECOND INAUGURAL

There are several readings for this TASK.  The topic

represents "Firsts" in American Black History

READ: The article from Abraham Lincoln Classroom.  

This article concerns Douglass' invitation to attend the reception, his problem entering the White House, and how it all ended up.  Locate the section from Reference # 51.    For this task, you may . . .

  • Design and print a Lincoln White House invitation with computer software such as Word, Publisher or other publishing software.  Make up a list of very important dignitaries that would have received the invitation to attend President Lincoln's second inauguration reception.  Research to find out some of the major guests that showed up to the reception, including Frederick Douglass.  Print enough invitations to address for each of your invited guests.  Remember the official White House/Government Seal and appropriate image of the 1860's White House, and other details.
  • Write an essay describing how Frederick Douglass felt when the policemen stopped him at the door of the White House, refusing to let him enter the reception.  Describe how Douglass responded to this event.  After reading Douglass' own words describing the reception (after he finally got admitted), how do you think the President and Douglass felt when seeing each other?  Include this answer within the essay. You could also include your feelings about why this meeting between a sitting President and a black man was so historical. 
  • Read about Washington D.C. in the early 1860's. 

         READ:  from Mr. Lincoln's White House website, and particularly the Nearby Washington article.    Think about where the nation's capitol was actually located.  Why would Washington D.C. be a possibly "unfriendly" place for a black man to live or visit.  Why would it be a "safe haven."

READ ALSO:

ARTICLE #1--PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS, 1861

ARTICLE #2--FREDERICK DOUGLASS OPINION OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN AFTER

 THE FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS

READ AND EXCERPT FROM: ARTICLE # 10 “Your Late Lamented Husband”:  A

 Letter from Frederick Douglass to Mary Todd Lincoln before the President was

 assassinated.  Further study can be done by reading the site.


Student Task #2--  FREDERICK DOUGLASS WRITES

OF HOW HE BECAME A SELF-MADE MAN

READ:  ARTICLE #5-A SELF-MADE MAN

READ ALSO:  ARTICLE #3--FREDERICK DOUGLASS ADVISOR TO THE PRESIDENT

 "THE BLACK MAN AT THE WHITE HOUSE"    From Frederick Douglass

 Autobiography My Bondage and My Freedom 1855 CHAPTER XI  SECESSION AND

 WAR, pages 350-355  (an excerpt from an article An Unusual Friendship - Lincoln

 & Frederick Douglass by William Connery


Student Task #3-- A CIVIL WAR TIMELINE    

Use a Civil War timeline to check out events during the Civil War, especially the first two

 years.  The Civil War was not going well for the Union or President Lincoln before 1863. 

  The Emancipation Proclamation was issued January 1, 1863.  President Lincoln would

 now authorize African Americans to serve in the Union Army.  African Americans and

Frederick Douglass would have a big part in the new direction.  Frederick Douglass would

 now become a recruiter for the Union Army to convince male freed slaves to join and fight

 for the Union. 

READ:  The Smithsonian Civil War Timeline lists  when African American troops would enter battle.  The 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment under Col. Robert G. Shaw.

READ ALSO: Congressional Medal of Honor winners by African Americans at the Buffalo Soldiers site.  Work within a small group, and make a memorial honor board for

 all the African-American soldiers that won this award during the Civil War.  Provide

 detailed information and a portrait of each.  As you read about recruits, find out the names

 of Frederick Douglass' own sons that were recruited as Union soldiers.


Student Task #4-- THE 54th MASSACHUSETTS     

READ: about the heroic 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment at the Battle for Fort

 Wagner at Originals from the National Archives and Records Administration

READ ALSO:  Actual letters and pictures from soldiers from the 54th as on the

 Battle of Olustee Site.


Student Task #5-- DOUGLASS' THREE COMPLAINTS TO LINCOLN    

Read the short article about Frederick Douglass' first official visit to the White House to

 confer with the President.  Answer these questions about that visit:

  • What were the three "complaints' that Douglass would relate to the President?  
  • Read the resulting "Proclamation of Retaliation" that the President would issue shortly
  •  after the Douglass visit.  Why was this so important for the African American Union
  •  soldiers?
  • Do you think the Confederate Army honored and abided by the Proclamation with its'
  •  warnings? 

READ THE ARTICLES:

ARTICLE #1--PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS, 1861

     ARTICLE #4--July 30, 1863. — ORDER OP RETALIATION EXECUTIVE MANSION,

WASHINGTON, July 30, 1863. (This is a link to a Google Book Page)   Abraham

 Lincoln Complete Works Comprising His Speeches, Letters, State Papers, and

 Miscellaneous Writings.   Ed. by John G. Nicolay and John Hay.  Vol. 2, The

 Century Co.  1894  p. 378 p. 378     Online at Google Books.


OPTIONAL tasks (LESSONS #6-#10) DOUGLASS' life separate of the Civil

War


Student Task #6-- AS A SLAVE & FREE-MAN     

Working backward in time, your job now is to study and read about Frederick Douglass'

 years before freedom.  In this you will learn of his servitude, brutal punishments, illegal

education and his escape to freedom. & at the

READ:  American Memories Collection of the Library of Congress.


Student Task #7-- CONDUCTOR ON THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD    

Working forward in time, your job now is to study and read about Frederick Douglass's

 years after freedom as a conductor for the Underground Railroad and newspaper writer

 and publisher. 

READ: from the American Memories Collection.


Student Task #8-- THREE KEY LEARNINGS FOR A SUCCESSFUL LIFE

This TASK works with #13 & #14.    They could all be completed as a unit.

Frederick Douglass accomplished a lot in his life, based upon his life-plan THREE KEY

 LEARNINGS

1. Believing in yourself; 

2.  Taking advantage of every opportunity;

3.  Using the power of spoken and written language to effect positive change for yourself

 and society.

READ:  ARTICLES # 5  AND  #9Article # 9 has two parts.  The first is about the

 "Forty Acres and a Mule," and the second is a description to the 13th, 14th and 15th

 Amendments to the Constitution (the Reconstruction Amendments) 


Student Task #9-- EQUALITY FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS    

Returning back to 1863-1865, conditions for black Union soldiers would get better. 

Describe how conditions improved, or didn't improve because of the Presidential

Proclamation for Retaliation, and orders for equal pay, and other basic rights for blacks in

the war.

READ THE ARTICLE AT:  civilwarhome.com/freedmen.html


Student Task #10--  AFTER THE WAR     

Frederick Douglass' life after the Civil War, and the assassination of the President would be, perhaps, the most interesting of his career and life-history. 

READ: the Chapters of his last autobiography The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass (1881).


Student Task #11-- Frederick Douglass Recruits African American men

for military service in Civil War

READ:  ARTICLE #6--RECRUITER FOR THE U.S. ARMY  From Frederick Douglass

 Autobiography My Bondage and My Freedom 1855  CHAPTER XI  SECESSION AND

 WAR, pages 344-350  "MEN OF COLOR, TO ARMS"


Student Task #12-- A COMPARISON OF FREDERICK DOUGLAS TO

MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. 

READ: ARTICLE #8-- A COMPARISON OF FREDERICK DOUGLASS TO MARTIN LUTHER KING 


Student Task #13-- Frederick Douglass Discusses

How to Learn to Read and Write

READ:  The PDF article from Frederick Douglass' Writings "How to Learn to Read and Write."

(You will have to have Acrobat PDF Reader on your computer

to get the article.)


Student Task #14-- Frederick Douglass Discusses the

Idea of "Being a Self-Made Man."

READ:  The Article "Frederick Douglass and the "Self-

Made Man," from a Lecture he gave around the country.


EXTRA "HIGHER LEVEL" ACTIVITIES:  CLICK HERE TO SEE THE PAGE

Frederick Douglass Activity Parts

HOME PAGE DETAILED PROJECT DESCRIPTION  DETAILED PROJECT DESCRIPTION LINCOLN & ABOLITIONIST DRAMA ACT. PART ONE--NORTHERN STAR PUZZLE TASKS PART THREE--CIVIL WAR BLACK AMERICAN PUZZLE FREDERICK DOUGLASS PICTURE PUZZLE PART FIVE-- PUZZLE ANSWER FORM
ARTICLE ONE ARTICLE TWO ARTICLE THREE ARTICLE FIVE ARTICLE SIX ARTICLE SEVEN ARTICLE EIGHT ARTICLE NINE ARTICLE TEN
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