Traditional Geography Classroom
The Five Themes of Geography
Learning Activity for Project Arrow
A New Technology-Based Method of Teaching a Subjectnot
always enjoyed, and often its' content forgotten in
Check Here for the
National Geographic Society
(Beta) Geo-Literacy Program
NASA view of North America
Why five themes to study geography in the elementary/secondary
Where the concept comes from:
The five themes were written in
1984 by the Joint Committee on Geographic Education of the National
Council for Geographic Education (NCGE) and the Association of
American Geographers (AAG). They are outlined in greater detail in
the NCGE/AAG publication Guidelines for Geographic Education,
Elementary and Secondary Schools.
A FEW REASONS FOR ORGANIZING OUR GEOGRAPHY INSTRUCTION AROUND THESE
... to help make geography a higher and more
important subject than the way it is often presented in our older
...to make geography studies more
motivating, and include all geographical skills within a lesson.
. . .to help break the "geographical
illiteracy" problem with many American students, as they reach
An explanation and
learning activities for each of the 5 Themes
Teaching of absolute or exact location; relative
locations (includes grids--latitudes and longitudes).
A. U.S. map with longitude/latitude markings is
available at the Merriam-Webster
Teaching the physical and human characteristics of a
place-- meaning and character; animals, human
languages and all the things that make an area special.
#3-- Human/Environment Interaction
Teaching the concept of human (people) developments and
on environments such as large dams, major developments,
and other type things.
Teaching how the interrelations of areas and the people
such as transportation, natural resources, people-needs
being gotten from areas
where they don't live.
Teaching the "unifying characteristics" whether
physical, human or cultural-- the way geographers divide
the world into manageable units for easy study.
CLICK HERE for the Student
Here are Your Tasks:
You are to use the geographical
selection die that is number-coded to a specific area of the world.
This is your area to do an IN-DEPTH study. You will be a specialist
on your geographical area in your classroom. Fill in the
Geographical Fact Box Form concerning your area.
#1-- Get to know Geographical Vocabulary. Work the Geography
Puzzle (as found by clicking
here) Print a copy.
#2-- Go to
Enchanted Learning for a great
geographical dictionary. Look over the words and use this
dictionary when doing your work.
#3-- After selecting your geographical region, fill in the fact
can print a form here).
#4-- Use the template map to shade your country, and label its
capitol or any other places you think are very important.
#5-- After finishing the fact box items, select ones that are very
interesting to you and then plan a trip from Charleston, Il to that
country. Go to Yahoo maps to find out distance. Write a two-page
story telling about your excursion. Make it exciting by including
interesting new people you could meet, places you went, and even
scary moments in the trip. Make the story sound like you "really"
went to the country.
#6-- Define what a confluence is. Using the
"DEGREE CONFLUENCE PROJECT WEBSITE"
find a confluence that is in your country. Write a summary of the
report of the person(s) that located and visited the site. Also
provide the longitude/latitude of the confluence.
#6-- You can include a page of tourist pictures, that perhaps you
can get from the Internet or old magazines.
USE THE FIVE THEMES "GEOFACT BOX" TO
RECORD YOUR ANSWERS.
HOT LIST OF GEOGRAPHICAL RESOURCES
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