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Topic One-hundred-thirteen:  Jefferson Davis and the Confederacy

ARTICLE:  COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE UNION AND THE CONFEDERATE ARMIES

The Union Army:
Size of Army: 22 million
Casualties: 360,000 soldiers
Description:
The Union Army was larger, and was able to draw on a far larger population for replacements. The Union Army had better artillery, and was able to manufacture their own artillery. The Union's forces were made up of a far larger percentage of immigrants, and in general had good junior and mid-level officers, and a lot of rather mediocre top level officers. Advantaged because almost all of the resources for waging warósteel mills and iron mines, important industries, transportation facilities and most naval facilities and shipsówere located in the North. More than 70 percent of the Nations railroads ran through the North, so they were able to move things around easier. The Union passed the Union draft law if they paid the government a 300$ fee because they were struggling financially and struggling with recruitment.
Union Advantages:

  • Banking, Factories, Ships

  • Experienced Government

  • More railroads to transport supplies, equipment and men.

  • Large Navy

  • Larger Population; 22 million to 9 million

Union Disadvantages:

  • Not in complete agreement over the abolition of slavery

  • Lost a lot of good officers to the South

  • Going into unknown lands


Confederate Army:
Size of Army: 9 million soldiers
Casualties: 260,000 soldiers
Description:
The Confederate army was smaller, had to smuggle most of their artillery pieces into the country from foreign sources, and was made up very largely of non-immigrant soldiers. In comparison to the Union, the General rank of the Confederacy was usually significantly superior in training and education. The South also had better cavalry, possibly because of a greater emphasis upon that branch of arms, and possibly because Southerners grew up in a horse culture and a large percentage of them knew how to ride from an early age. Disadvantaged because almost all of the resources for waging warósteel mills and iron mines, important industries, transportation facilities and most naval facilities and shipsówere located in the North. Confederacy possessed inferior natural resources, industry, and transportation but lacked the financial resources to manufacture or acquire these necessities of war. The south was struggling financially and with recruiting young men to fight.
Confederate Advantages:

  • Trading with Europe

  • Best Military Officers

  • Long Coast lines make it difficult to blockade

  • Fighting on own soil

  • Land in South is heavily wooded making easy ambushes and retreats

Confederate Disadvantages:

  • Small Navy

  • Long Coastline hard to defend

Little industry and factory production

 

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