Lincoln would use the Telegraph Office (on the bottom floor of the
Department of War building right behind the
White House) as his strategy, and sometimes "escape-place" to get away
from the high-stress of the always full White House. In the War
Room, also called the Telegraph Office, he would receive instant
updates on battles, events and other topics through his
telegraphers. The White House did not have telegraphs within it,
and therefore all messages were sent and received from the War Room.
Lincoln perhaps reading or writing a telegraph message to one of
the commanders in the field
Secretary Edward Stanton's War
Department, located behind the White House, only a walk for the
President. A room on the bottom floor was dedicated to a new U.S.
Military Telegraph Office
|Secretary of War,
Quick to establish a national telegraph system, but did not trust the
new hot-air surveillance balloons
The Intrepid Air
Check my Air Balloon Page
President had no privacy or real security in this old building.
could walk inside and join a crowd waiting to meet with him. He
have to greet and talk to job-seekers, government-position seekers, and
people wanting solutions to their problems.
In addition, the First
Lady felt it necessary to host a big dinner and/or reception
regularly. The Telegraph Office was a place where the President
get private time to think and run the war.
Edward Stanton, Secretary of War
The White House in 1860
Lincoln's Whitehouse site for the Washington D.C. Page
for a map to see where the War Department was actually located.
U.S. Civil War Telegraph
HERE FOR A DESCRIPTION OF THE TELEGRAPH OFFICE
Homer Bates' book, Lincoln in the Telegraph Office. Also much can
be learned about the
development of the U.S. Telegraph System at this site.
Read actual Library of Congress
Presidential Telegraphs, Click Here.
a description of the War (Telegraph) Room and the President.
questions to answer:
Communication on the battlefront before the Civil War was done by what
Did the United States have telegraph lines everywhere, as we do phone
lines now? Why?
Who was the Assistant Secretary of War that got the military telegraph
war telegraph office was placed next to the White House. List
some of the men who were operators and managers of that first office.
Who was a regular visitor of the telegraph office? Why did he
stay in it so much?
a cipher, and who designed the first cipher to be used with telegraph
messages over the military telegraph system?
What was the name of the code used to send the ciphered messages?
Why were military messages ciphered?
Why was being a telegraph operator/ cipherist so dangerous?