Fugitive Slave Law, the Underground Railroad and
the Black Laws of Illinois.
learn about these topics, and work on four learning activities
LEARNING ON-LINE ABRAHAM
Commonly a learning activity like this is planned to be done
chronologically. In studying Abraham Lincoln and his feelings and
response toward slavery could be done in a totally different way
than chronologically. We all know that Abraham was born in
Kentucky, and then moved to Indiana. He lived in Kentucky with his
Baptist father, Thomas Lincoln, who adamantly hated the institution
of slavery. Hating slavery had nothing to do with relationships
with black people. The slaves in Kentucky were located mostly on
large commercial plantations. Thomas Lincoln was a
sustenance farmer. Sustenance farmers grew crops and raised
live stalk for consumption, not sale.
Thomas Lincoln thought slavery was an immoral institution. His son,
Abraham, would witness slaves on the pathway near the Lincoln home,
being transported back and forth by slave owners. Abraham would
hear "great" discussions of the evilness of slavery between his
father and other visitors of their farm.
Thomas and Nancy Lincoln would leave Kentucky and move to the
Northern state of Indiana to get away from slavery and other
problems in Kentucky.
We all know that Abraham, as a young man, travelled to New Orleans
twice to deliver products on a flatboat from Indiana and later
Illinois. He would personally witness slave auctions, and see
slavery in-action in the south.
The slavery projects will
consider a set of questions, listed below. In addition,
there is a
set of "tasks," to help learn more about
Abraham Lincoln and the problem of slavery.
Abraham Lincoln Considers How to End Slavery
"Abraham Lincoln is often
referred to as "The Great Emancipator" and yet, he did not publicly
call for emancipation throughout his entire life. Lincoln began his
public career by claiming that he was "antislavery" -- against
slavery's expansion but not calling for immediate emancipation. He
was not an active "Abolitionist."
However, the man who began as "antislavery" eventually issued the
Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all slaves in those states
that were in rebellion. He vigorously supported the 13th Amendment
which abolished slavery throughout the United States, and, in the
last speech of his life, he recommended extending the vote to
African Americans." Visit the Henry Ford video covering America's
history of liberty.
A SUMMARY OF
LINCOLN'S VIEWS CONCERNING SLAVERY:
Lincoln wasnít an abolitionist.
Lincoln didnít believe blacks should have the same rights as whites.
Lincoln thought colonization could resolve the issue of slavery.
Emancipation was a military policy.
The Emancipation Proclamation didnít actually free all of the
#1 INTRODUCTORY TASK:
Read the Excerpt from Abraham Lincoln's "House
This famous speech, given in 1858 encompasses Lincoln's political
solution on the issue of slavery, including causes of national
division and what will have to happen to end it all.
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Convention.
If we could
first know where we are, and whither we are tending,
we could then better judge what to do, and how to do
We are now far
into the fifth year, since a policy
was initiated, with the avowed object, and confident
promise, of putting an end to slavery
operation of that policy, that agitation has not only, not ceased,
but has constantly augmented.
opinion, it will not cease, until a
crisis shall have been reached, and passed.
divided against itself cannot stand."
I believe this
government cannot endure, permanently half slave and half
I do not expect
the Union to be dissolved
-- I do not expect the house to fall
-- but I do expect it will cease to be
It will become
all one thing or all the other.
opponents of slavery, will arrest
the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall
rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction;
or its advocates will push it forward, till it shall become
alike lawful in all the States, old as well as new
-- North as well as South.
Have we no
tendency to the latter
ITEMS AND ARTICLES AS LISTED IN THE SLAVERY AND
FINISH THE TASKS AS LISTED:
Read the articles and passages as presented in the slavery
activities. Consider the questions listed. Take notes as answers
for the questions are revealed.
Article Response Form to record your answers.
1. Start with a concept
Slave Power Conspiracy," concerning the pre
1870's Southern viewpoint and Northern counter-viewpoint of the
issue of slavery. and Northern counter-viewpoint of the issue of
Study Abraham Lincoln's
politics concerning slavery in our country, and particularly his
statements from the Debates with Stephen Douglas in 1858.
Click the National Park Service Article on
"Lincoln and Slavery."
Study where and how
Abraham Lincoln got his philosophy and ideas about the "final
solution of the problem of slavery--its' gradual extinction."
National Park Service on "Emancipation and the Quest for Freedom."
Study how Abraham Lincoln's
early life helped to formulate his attitudes and beliefs about
the articles on Lincoln's attitude toward slavery in the early
Study President Abraham
Lincoln's evolving during his Presidency concerning slavery.
Go to the Gilder-Lehrman Site to read
for Emancipation? Black Abolitionists and Abraham Lincoln."
DEBATE PRO- OR CON- ABOUT SLAVERY
INTRODUCTION TO THIS TASK:
difficult now to understand why slavery was ever allowed in the
United States. Why did it grow and become so important in the
South? Why did some Northerners fear the ending of slavery in the
South? What did President Lincoln do about slavery?
Through reading the selected readings and
quotes from Abraham
Lincoln, throughout his career, you can see a change in his attitude
and feelings about slavery/equality/individual rights.
It is difficult
to understand how the 1850's political leader, even Abraham Lincoln,
could think the way they did. America was in a totally different
value system in the mid nineteenth century.
Slavery was a very important
economic issue in the South, especially after development of the
Cotton Gin. The slave was basically treated as an investment,
and a work-horse (not human). The Southern politicians were staunch about
protecting the right to own slaves.
Take on the role of a
U.S. President, a Southern plantation owner/farmer with slaves, a
northerner, a poor white farmer in the north and border states, and
make decisions where you stand on the subject of SLAVERY or
Study your role choice and then
decide on the issues of
expansion of slavery into the new Territories, later to be states
and the morality aspect, taking the side of your role choice.
Complete the table below for the role you chose. Be
careful to not mix opposing thoughts and opinions in your responses.
In a debate, you often will get the side you don't agree with, but
have to support it anyway. You can find information on the
Resource List given earlier.
PRO 0R CON WORKSHEET
or Group concerned with Slavery (Pro or Con)
||Why slavery should
||Why slavery should end?
|"A Slave" in the South, or in a
Northern State with fear of being returned
|Anti Slave Activist (Abolitionist)
|Poor white farmer in the
|Southern Plantation owner/farmer
|"You" as one of the above .groups, or
even the President.
Take on a role as one of the above and answer the questions in
TO ANSWER ABOUT LINCOLN AND SLAVERY
Use the resources
listed in the Introduction
Answer the Questions:
1. 1626-- What happened at
2. 1641-- What law was passed
3. 1663-- What did a group
4. 1682-- What declaration did
set-forth concerning black servants?
5. 1708-- What had happened to
Carolina's population numbers?
6. 1696-- What happened to the
business in New England?
7. 1733-- what did the Quaker,
8. 1770-- Crispus Attucks, died
9. 1773-- Slaves started this, as
first for them. What was it?
10. 1784-- Thomas Jefferson tried
get a proposal through concerning slavery, but failed. What was
11. 1788-- The U.S. Constitution
slavery and the 3/5th's clause. What is the 3/5th's clause?
12. 1819-- What
to the slave trading industry?
13. 1831-- A runaway
safety program gets it's name. What is this program?
14. 1842-- An old
slave law was brought up in (Prigg v. Pennsylvania), and became the law
the land. What was that law?
15. 1848-- A new
group organizes a political party. What was the name of the party, and
was their major platform (thing they wanted stopped)?
16. 1857-- Slavery
gain much in a Supreme Court Decision. What was the case, and
what did it
say about slavery in the territories?
17. 1860-- How many
were there in the U.S.? A new President is elected.
Who was he?
18. 1861-- What war
19. 1862-- Blacks
now allowed to obtain "free land" from what Act?
20. The first Black
unit was organized to fight in the Civil War. What was the name
21. 1865-- A
amendment is passed to abolish slavery. What number is the
ended in 1865.
INDIVIDUAL NORTHERN STATES WITH HARSH "BLACK
CODES" THE ILLINOIS BLACK CODES
Go to the State Codes Site to
learn of the effect of these harsh laws.
Click Here to enter the
"Black Code of Illinois Picture Study Puzzle." This TASK
will have multiple reading and "question/answer" components.
Questions to be
Why didn't Abraham Lincoln become an abolitionist?
Why did President refuse to end slavery by any means other than a
Constitutional Amendment? 3. Why did President Lincoln declare that
slavery was not the reason for the Civil War?
Why did he hold back on emancipating the slaves of the Confederate
Why did he think he could organize a project to send free slaves to
South America or Liberia (Africa)?
Why did Abraham say, in 1858, at Charleston, Illinois that there
could not be equality of blacks and whites?
Why did free blacks in Richmond, Virginia, after Richmond fell call
President Abraham Lincoln "Father Abraham?"
Slavery 16th President Activity
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