Learning Lincoln On-line

FROM-- SET TWO, CIVIL WAR STUDIES

Topic Twenty-four: Abraham Lincoln, His Politics, Speeches and Debating

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ELECTORAL DATA

From Wikipedia at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electoral_history_of_Abraham_Lincoln

ELECTION RESULTS FOR RACES THAT ABRAHAM LINCOLN RAN
 

This is the electoral history of Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln served one term in the United States House of Representatives from Illinois (1847–1849). He later served as the 16th President of the United States (1861–1865).

DETAILS FOLLOW:

1.  Illinois House of Representatives 1832 - Lost

  • 1834 - Won
  • 1836 - Won
  • 1838 - Won
  • 1840 - Won

2.  United States House of Representatives

1844 - Lost Whig Party nomination to Edward Dickinson Baker

1846 elections-- Illinois House of Representatives

Illinois's 7th congressional district general election, 1846

Party

Candidate

Votes

%

%

 

Whig

Abraham Lincoln

6,340

55.53

 

 

Democratic

Peter Cartwright

4,829

42.29

 

 

Liberty

Elihu Walcott

249

2.18

 

Majority

 

 

 

 

Whig hold

 

3.  Illinois House of Representatives

1854 - Wins seat in Illinois House of Representatives, declines seat to focus on future candidacy for United States Senate

4.  1854 Senate election

February 8, 1855

Note: At this time, U.S. Senators were elected by the state legislatures, not by popular vote of the people

Candidate

Round 1

...

Round 7

Round 8

Round 9

Round 10

Lyman Trumbull, Democrat

5

 

 ?

 ?

35

51

Joel Matteson, Democrat

0

 

44

46

47

 ?

Abraham Lincoln, Whig

45

 

?

?

15

Withdrew

James Shields (inc.), Democrat

41

 

 ?

 ?

 ?

Withdrew

51 votes needed for election

     Candidate won that Round of voting

     Candidate withdrew

     Candidate won Senate seat

Note: Five anti-Nebraska Act Democrats voted for Trumbull rather than vote for Lincoln, a Whig. When pro-Nebraska Act Democrats were unable to reelect Shields, they switched their allegiance to Matteson, who had no stance on the Act. Lincoln then withdrew and threw his support to Trumbull, so that an anti-Nebraska candidate would be assured victory.

5.  1856 Presidential election

Vice Presidential nomination for the Republican Party

6.  1858 Senate election

Note: At this time, U.S. Senators were elected by the state legislatures, not by popular vote of the people

United States Senate election in Illinois, 1858

Party

Candidate

Votes

%

%

 

Democratic

Stephen A. Douglas (inc.)

54

54.00

 

 

Republican

Abraham Lincoln

46

46.00

 

Majority

8

8.00

 

 

Democratic hold

 

7.  1860 Presidential election

Republican Party nomination

Presidential Ballot

Nominee

Home State

1st

2nd

3rd

3rd "corrected"

Seward, William H.William H. Seward

New York

173.5

184.5

180

111.5

Lincoln, AbrahamAbraham Lincoln

Illinois

102

181

231.5

349

Cameron, SimonSimon Cameron

Pennsylvania

50.5

2

0

0

Chase, Salmon P.Salmon P. Chase

Ohio

49

42.5

24.5

2

Bates, EdwardEdward Bates

Missouri

48

35

22

0

Dayton, William L.William L. Dayton

New Jersey

14

10

1

1

McLean, JohnJohn McLean

Ohio

12

8

5

0.5

Collamer, JacobJacob Collamer

Vermont

10

0

-

-

Wade, Benjamin F.Benjamin F. Wade

Ohio

3

0

-

-

Read, John M.John M. Read

Pennsylvania

1

0

-

-

Sumner, CharlesCharles Sumner

Massachusetts

1

0

-

-

Fremont, John C.John C. Fremont

California

1

0

-

-

Clay, Cassius M.Cassius M. Clay

Kentucky

-

2

1

1

Upon seeing how close Lincoln was to the 233 votes needed after the third ballot, a delegate from Ohio switched 4 votes from Chase to Lincoln. This triggered an avalanche towards Lincoln with a final count of 364 votes out of 466 cast.

General election

Presidential candidate

Party

Home state

Popular vote(a)

Electoral
vote

Running mate

Count

Pct

Vice-presidential candidate

Home state

Elect. vote

Abraham Lincoln

Republican

Illinois

1,865,908

39.8%

180

Hannibal Hamlin

Maine

180

John C. Breckinridge

Southern Democratic

Kentucky

848,019

18.1%

72

Joseph Lane

Oregon

72

John Bell

Constitutional Union/Whig

Tennessee

590,901

12.6%

39

Edward Everett

Massachusetts

39

Stephen A. Douglas

Northern Democratic

Illinois

1,380,202

29.5%

12

Herschel Vespasian Johnson

Georgia

12

Other

531

0.0%

Other

Total

4,685,561

100%

303

 

303

Needed to win

152

 

152

Source (Popular Vote): Leip, David. 1860 Presidential Election Results. Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections (July 27, 2005).
Source (Electoral Vote): Electoral College Box Scores 1789–1996. Official website of the National Archives. (July 31, 2005).

(a) The popular vote figures exclude South Carolina where the Electors were chosen by the state legislature rather than by popular vote.

8. 1864 presidential election

Republican Party nomination

Presidential Ballot

Ballot

1st Before Shifts

1st After Shifts

Abraham Lincoln

484

506

Ulysses S. Grant

22

0

General election

Presidential candidate

Party

Home state

Popular vote(a)

Electoral
vote(a), (b)

Running mate

Count

Pct

Vice-presidential candidate

Home state

Elect. vote(a), (b)

Abraham Lincoln

National Union(c)

Illinois

2,218,388

55.0%

212

Andrew Johnson(c)

Tennessee

212

George Brinton McClellan

Democratic

New Jersey

1,812,807

45.0%

21

George Hunt Pendleton

Ohio

21

Other

692

0.0%

Other

Total

4,031,887

100%

233

 

233

Needed to win

117

 

117

Source (Popular Vote): Leip, David. 1864 Presidential Election Results. Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections (July 27, 2005).
Source (Electoral Vote): Electoral College Box Scores 1789–1996. Official website of the National Archives. (July 31, 2005). (a) The states in rebellion did not participate in the election of 1864.
(b) One Elector from Nevada did not vote
(c) Andrew Johnson had been a Democrat, and after 1869 was a Democrat. The Republican Party called itself the National Union Party to accommodate the War Democrats in this election.

RESOURCES:

Lincoln Personal-Political Timeline Activity Home Page

Abraham Lincoln Classroom

16th President- Politics During the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln Political Beginnings

Learning On-Line Home Page

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