Mr. Lincoln Friends website has information about Abraham Lincoln's
law partners in Illinois
Also in the
Mr. Lincoln Friends Website we can read about Lincoln and
Political Patronage (appointing or hiring of friends)
Abraham Lincoln was raised
literally in the "wilderness" of Kentucky, Indiana and
Illinois. It would not be until 1831 that he would finally live
on his own, as an adult, in a small village called New Salem.
There he would quickly develop friendships that would go with
him throughout his Illinois and later Washington years. His
appearance would sometimes cause a bit of stumble in developing
friendships with new people. As soon as he would begin talking,
the new acquaintance would become comfortable with the new
"tall" man's personality. Abe, as he did not like to be called,
would use self- deprecating humor to get people over the shock
and awe of his outward appearance. In later advanced political
life, such as running for president, he would be ridiculed for
his appearance through writings and political cartoons.
Did he really look that
unusual? He also had a different voice tone for a big man. His
voice was rather high-pitched. We now see hundreds of pictures
of Lincoln and do not notice anything unusual about his
appearance. We have to take the word of biographers about his
voice tone. Abe would read everything "out loud," and this
mannerism perhaps came from his self-learning and lack of formal
had a lot of friends from New Salem, Springfield and Central
Illinois. He entered the world of politics and law. This world
would also at the high-society level of the times. In fact he
would achieve the highest levels for both: president of the
U.S., and a very important trial lawyer. His main friends came
from his professional relationships. He also had friends that
were perhaps neighbors in New Salem and Springfield. The list
would be long, and nearly impossible to compile including all of
Abraham Lincoln would be
called up in the Black Hawk War to serve in the Illinois
Volunteers (what is now the Illinois National Guard). He didn't
have to do any killing or war, but enjoyed all the friendships
he gained being the captain of his regiment. These friendships
would remain. His leadership as the captain would help in
leadership in later years.
The Claremont Institute
article, "A Genius for Friendship" by
Johnson and john Hinderaker describe the young Abraham's ability
to make and maintain friends.
"In 1831 Lincoln left
home at age 22 to strike out on his own in the struggling
frontier town of New Salem, Illinois. He had no trade and few
prospects. The single most striking fact about him as a young
man is his genius for friendship. As one of his New Salem
contemporaries recalled, "Lincoln had nothing only plenty of
friends." He was obviously one of the most likable men who ever
lived, a man who radiated decency. Moreover, the better his
acquaintances got to know him, the more they liked him. Those
who got to know him best, such as the acquaintances with whom he
shared boarding rooms as an impoverished young man, became
lifelong friends. The student of Lincoln who can see him through
the eyes of these friends will have a similar experience."
Lincoln was a sportsman, and wrestling was his specialty.
Johnson and Hinderaker describe Lincoln's wrestling as an
important means for Lincoln to make new friends. He would
usually win the matches. This wrestling was not in anger, and
was mere fun.
Lincoln's lawyer practice and politicking would take him into a
state-wide, and later national range for new friends.
Here is a timeline or listing, as such of Lincoln's friends
from New Salem through Washington D.C.
New Salem Years
. . . Abraham traveled around the countryside on his horse, Bob,
or later would have the comfort of a "not so fancy" buggy. He
didn't take a large trunk of clothes, books or supplies, didn't
have an S-U-V, or such convenience to carry his papers and
necessary books. He would have to pack the books and larger
items in smaller sized saddle bags.
. . .but legal documents and papers were stored in the lining of
his tall hat. This was a safe place and very convenient. This
Activity is Dedicated to Abe Lincoln's tall hat, and all cases
that he won, or lost.
Lincoln's Friends and Associates on
the 8th Circuit
provided to find the answers.
In addition, go to Lincoln
the Lawyer story for more answers.
Lincoln Home National
Memorial has a nice explanation of Lincoln's homes throughout his
pre-Presidential years. Go here for that.
Abraham Lincoln moved into Illinois in what year?
2. Where did he and his family live that first year?
3. Which Illinois city did Abraham meet Mary Todd, start his law
and get married?
4. Who were Lincoln's law partners at Springfield?
5. What judge was Lincoln close friends with when riding the 8th
6. The Lincolns purchased their only home in Springfield. What
was the address
of that home?
7. Lincoln had many nephews, cousins, and a step-mother that he would
often. Where did these relatives live?
8. As President-elect, Abraham would make a final trip to see his
for the last time. Where did the dinner take place at this
Go to the
Lincoln in Illinois narrative site to find information for these
Introduction for the answers to 1-4
1. How long did Lincoln practice law in
2. List the levels of law that Lincoln could
3. List the three law partnerships Lincoln had
4. List the types of cases Lincoln would
Legal Education and answer these questions:
5. Describe what kind of law experiences
Lincoln had at New Salem (1831-1837) with the justice of the peace,
6. Lincoln almost decided against going into
law at New Salem. Why? Who helped convince him to go ahead
and pursue law?
7. How did Lincoln study for law at New
Salem? Where did he get his law books and list a couple of the
8. Starting in March of 1836, the process of
becoming a licensed lawyer began, with what determination by the
Sangamon County Clerk?
9. When did Lincoln receive his formal law
examination (now called the bar exam) and become a licensed lawyer?
Here to answer these questions about Lincoln on the 8th
10. Lincoln would travel around several
counties to help his clients in a big variety of cases. What were
the counties? How did he and the rest of the lawyers, judges,
clerks and others travel?
11. By 1850, how did Lincoln and the others get
to travel to their courthouses?
12. Did Lincoln have regular partners while on
the 15-county circuit? Could he work with and against the same
fellow lawyer in the different cases?
Here for answers concerning Lincoln's Appellate Practice:
13. What is an appellate court? Click
14. What court did the Appellate Court practice
under? Where did the Appellate Court have sessions?
Here for answers concerning the Federal Court system:
15. Who would use the Federal Court system at
17. Why do we not have records of the 1850's
Lincoln Federal court cases?
Here to find answers to questions concerning the types of cases
Lincoln would practice, and his clients.
18. What was the "cause" of most of Lincoln's
19. Who was his largest client?
20. Did he ever oppose his largest client
(answer to #19)
Click Here to find out about Lincoln's legal charges
to clients. How much did he get for a regular case? How
much for a U.S. Circuit Court Case?
Lastly, to see Lincoln's Illinois Roots, completely,
we need to learn about his Illinois political career. Click
Here to find answers to these questions.
to the Activity Home Page
Lincoln and His Friends Site
Learning On-Line Home Page